When this year had come to an end, in
the archon was Antiphon, and in Rome
in place of consuls four military tribunes were elected,
Gaius Furius, Titus Quinctius, Marcus Postumius, and Aulus Cornelius. During this year the
Argives and Lacedaemonians, after negotiations with each other, concluded a peace and formed an
Consequently the Mantineians, now that they had lost
the help of the Argives, were compelled to subject themselves to the Lacedaemonians. And about
the same time in the city of the Argives the Thousand who had been selected out of the total
muster of citizens came to an agreement among themselves and decided to dissolve the democracy
and establish an aristocracy from their own number.
as they did many to aid them, because of the prominent position their wealth and brave exploits
gave them, they first of all seized the men who had been accustomed to be the leaders of the
people and put them to death, and then, by terrorizing the rest of the citizens, they abolished
the laws and were proceeding to take the management of the state into their own hands. They
maintained this government for eight months and then were overthrown, the people having united
against them; and so these men were put to death and the people got back the democracy.
Another movement also took
place in Greece
. The Phocians also, having quarrelled
with the Locrians, settled the issue in pitched battle by virtue of their own valour. For the
victory lay with the Phocians, who slew more than one thousand Locrians.
The Athenians under the command of Nicias
seized two cities, Cythera
; and they reduced
by siege, slew all the males from the youth
upward, and sold into slavery the children and women.3
Such were the affairs of the
Greeks in this year. In Italy
the Fidenates, when
ambassadors came to their city from Rome
, put them to
death for trifling reasons.
Incensed at such an act, the
Romans voted to go to war, and mobilizing a strong army they appointed Anius Aemilius Dictator
and with him, following their custom, Aulus Cornelius Master of Horse.
Aemilius, after making all the preparations for the war, marched with
his army against the Fidenates. And when the Fidenates drew up their forces to oppose the
Romans, a fierce battle ensued which continued a long time; heavy losses were incurred on both
sides and the conflict was indecisive.