was archon at Athens, civil strife arose among the Romans, one party thinking there should be
consuls, others that military tribunes should be chosen. For a time then anarchy supervened on
civil strife, later they decided to choose six military tribunes, and those elected were Lucius
Aemilius, Gaius Verginius, Servius Sulpicius, Lucius Quintius, Gaius Cornelius, and Gaius
During their term of office Polydorus of Pherae the
ruler of Thessaly was poisoned by Alexander2
his nephew, who had challenged him to a drinking
bout, and the nephew Alexander succeeded to the rule as overlord and held it for eleven years.
Having acquired the rule illegally and by force, he administered it consistently with the
policy he had chosen to follow. For while the rulers before him had treated the peoples with
moderation and were therefore loved, he was hated for his violent and severe rule.3
Accordingly, in fear of his lawlessness, some Larissaeans,
because of their noble
descent, conspired together to overthrow the overlordship. Journeying from Larissa to
Macedonia, they prevailed upon the King Alexander to join them in overthrowing the tyrant.
But while they were occupied with these matters, Alexander of
Pherae, learning of the preparations against him, gathered such men as were conveniently
situated for the campaign, intending to give battle in Macedonia. But the Macedonian king,
accompanied by refugees from Larissa, anticipated the enemy by invading Larissa with the army,
and having been secretly admitted by the Larissaeans within the fortifications, he mastered the
city with the exception of the citadel.
Later he took the
citadel by siege, and, having also won the city of Crannon, at first covenanted to restore the
cities to the Thessalians, but then, in contempt of public opinion, he brought into them
garrisons of considerable strength and held the cities himself.5
Alexander of Pherae, hotly pursued and alarmed at the
same time, returned to Pherae.
Such was the state of affairs in