Explanation of the symbols used in this edition in recording various readings.

As a general rule, wherever the text (that of W. Dindorf's fourth Edition, as revised by Blass in 1889) agrees with that of the Zurich editors, I have not thought it necessary to notice any variations in the MSS. Where Dindorf differs from the Zurich editors, the difference is in most cases due to the greater weight given by the latter to the readings of the Paris MS S.

Z stands for the Zürích text of Demosthenes as printed by J. G. Barter and H Sauppe in their excellent edition of the Oratores Attici, in one volume (1850).

‘Bekker st.’ is Bekker's stereotyped edition published at Leipzig in 1854. The readings adopted in his Berlin ed. 1824 have been occasionally recorded. When Dindorf differs from the Zurich editors, he generally agrees with Bekker. When a note begins with Bekk., it is meant that Dindorf's text is supported by Bekker's Berlin and Leipzig editions: then, after a slight space, follows the reading of the Zurich editors (Z) with the MSS supporting it, introduced by the word cum.

The MSS thus quoted by the Zurich editors are as follows:

S (or Σ) in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (No. 2934), on parchment; of century X. This is admitted on all hands to be the best MS, and its readings are very often accepted by Bekker and still more frequently by the Zürich editors. (For a protest against excessive deference to its authority, see the Preface of Mr Shilleto's fourth edition of the De falsa legatione, pp. vii, viii, xiv.) It was published in facsimile in 1893, Paris (Leroux).

F. Codex Marcianus (No. 416), in the Library of St Mark's, Venice, on parchment; of century XI. The best MS of the second group or family (Dindorf), but closely followed by the Codex Bavaricus (B).

Q (or Φ). In the same Library (No. 418), on parchment; of century XI.

r. In the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (No. 2936), on parchment forma maxima; of century XIII.

A (or A{1}). Augustanus primus, formerly at Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicorum), now at Munich (No. 485), on parchment, paene quadratus; of century XI (according to Dindorf), or XII (according to the Zürich editors).

B. Bavaricus, now at Munich (No. 85), on cotton-paper (‘bombycinus’), forma maxima; of century XIII

γρ. A contraction for γράφεται, used in the MSS themselves to introduce the marginal citation of a various reading.

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