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طَبَعَ ذ , aor. طَبَعَ , inf. n. طَبْعٌ, He sealed, stamped, imprinted, or impressed; syn. خَتَمَ: (Msb:) [and, as now used, he printed a book or the like:] تَبْعٌ and خَتْمٌ both signify the making an impression in, or upon, clay and the like: (S, Mgh, O, K:) or, as Er-Rághib says, the impressing a thing with the engraving of the signet and stamp: (TA in this art. and in art. ختم: [see more in the first paragraph of the latter art:]) and he says also that طَبْعٌ signifies the figuring a thing with some particular figure; as in the case of the طَبْع of the die for stamping coins, and the طَبْع of coins [themselves]: but that it is more general in signification than خَتْمٌ, and more particular than نَقْشٌ; as will be shown by what follows: accord. to Aboo-Is-hák the Grammarian, طَبْعٌ and خَتْمٌ both signify the covering over a thing, and securing oneself from a thing's entering it: and IAth says [in like manner] that they held طَبْعٌ to be syn. with رَيْنٌ [inf. n. of رَانَ]: but Mujáhid says that رَيْنٌ denotes less than طَبْعٌ; and طَبْعٌ, less than إِِقْفَالٌ [or the “ closing with a lock: ” this he says with reference to a phrase in the Kur xlvii. 26]. (TA.) You say, طَبَعَ الكِتَابَ, (Mgh, Msb,) and طَبَعَ عَلَى الكِتَابِ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K, *) He sealed (خَتَمَ, S, Mgh, Msb, K,) the writing, or letter. (S, Mgh, Msb.) And طَبَعَ He branded, or otherwise marked, the sheep, or goat. (O. [See طَابَعٌ.]) And طَبَعَ ا@للّٰهُ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ (tropical:) God sealed [or set a seal upon] his [i. e. an unbeliever's] heart, so that he should not heed admonition, nor be disposed to that which is good; (Mgh;) or so that belief should not enter it: (O:) [and in like manner, خَتَمَ عَلَيْهِ, q. v.:] in this, regard is had to the طَبْع, and the طَبِيعَة, which is the natural constitution or disposition; for it denotes the characterizing of the soul with some particular quality or qualities, either by creation or by habit, and more especially by creation. (Er-Rághib, TA.) ― -b2- Also He began to make, or manufacture, a thing: and he made [a thing] as in instances here following. (Mgh.) You say, طَبَعَ مِنَ الطِّينِ جَرَّةً He made, [or fashioned, or moulded,] of the clay, a jar. (S, O, K.) And طَبَعَ اللَّبِنَ, (Mgh, TA,) and السَّيْفَ, (S, Mgh, O, K,) and الدِّرْهَمُ, (S, O, K,) He made (S, Mgh, O, K) [the crude bricks, and the sword, and the dirhem]: or طَبَعَ الدَّرَاهِمَ he struck (Mgh, Msb) with the die (Msb) [i. e. coined, or minted,] the dirhems, or money. (Mgh, Msb.) And [hence] one says, طَبَقَهُ ا@للّٰهُ عَلَى الأَمْرِ, aor. and inf. n. as above, (assumed tropical:) God created him with an adaptation, or a disposition, to the thing, affair, state, condition, or case; or adapted him, or disposed him, by creation, [or nature], thereto. (TA.) And طُبِعَ عَلَى الشَّىْءِ (assumed tropical:) He (a man, O, TA) was created with an adaptation, or a disposition, to the thing; or was adapted, or disposed, by creation [or nature], thereto; syn. جُبِلَ, (IDrd, O, K, TA,) or فُطِرَ. (Lh, TA.) ― -b3- Also, (aor. as above, TA, and so the inf. n., O, TA,) He filled (Er-Rághib, O, K, TA) a measure for corn or the like, (Er-Rághib, TA,) or a leathern bucket, (O, K, TA,) and a skin, (O, TA,) &c.; (O;) and so ↓ طبّع , (S, O, K,) inf. n. تَطْبِيعٌ: (S, O:) because the quantity that fills it is a sign that prevents the taking a portion of what is in it [without the act's being discovered]. (Er-Rághib, TA.) ― -b4- And طَبَعَ قَفَاهُ, (IAar, O, K,) inf. n. as above, (IAar, O,) He struck the back of his neck with his hand; (IAar, O, K;) i. e. the back of the neck of a boy: if with the ends of the fingers, one says, قَذَّ قَفَاهُ. (IAar, O.) ― -b5- مَا أَدْرِى مِنْ أَيْنَ طَبَعَ means I know not whence he came forth; syn. طَلَعَ. (TA.) -A2- طَبِعَ, (aor. طَبَعَ ,] inf. n. طَبَعٌ, said of a sword, It was, or became, rusty, or overspread with rust: (S:) or very rusty, or overspread with much rust. (K, TA: from an explanation of the aor.: but this is written in the CK and in my MS. copy of the K, and in the O, يُطْبَعُ. [An explanation of طَبَعٌ in the O and K confirms the reading يَطْبَعُ; and another confirmation thereof will be found in what follows in this paragraph.]) ― -b2- Said of a thing, (Msb,) or of a garment, or piece of cloth, (TA,) inf. n. طَبَعٌ, It was, or became, dirty; (Msb, TA;) and ↓ تطّبع is likewise said [in the same sense] of a garment, or piece of cloth. (M and TA voce رَانَ, in art. رين.) ― -b3- Said of a man, (assumed tropical:) He was or became, filthy or foul [in character]. (S.) And (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, sluggish, lazy, or indolent. (S.) One says of a man, يَطْبَعُ, (O, K,) like يَفْرَحُ, (K,) meaning (assumed tropical:) He has no penetrative energy, sharpness, or effectiveness, in the affairs that are the means, or causes, of attaining honour, like the sword that is overspread with much rust. (O, K.) -A3- طُبِعَ, (O, K,) inf. n. طَبْعٌ, (O,) said of a man, (assumed tropical:) He was rendered [or pronounced] filthy or foul [in character]; (O, K;) on the authority of Sh; (O;) and so طَبِعَ, like فَرِحَ; (TA as on the authority of Sh; [but this I think doubtful;]) and disgraced, or dishonoured: (K:) and ↓ طُبِّعَ , (O, TA,) inf. n. تَطْبِيعٌ, (TA,) he was rendered [or pronounced] filthy or foul [in character], (O, TA,) and blamed, or discommended. (O.) 2 طبّع ذ , inf. n. تَطْبِيعٌ, He sealed well [or much, or he sealed a number of writings &c.]. (KL: in which only the inf. n. is mentioned.) ― -b2- And He loaded [a beast heavily, or] well. (KL.) ― -b3- See also 1, a little after the middle. -A2- تَطْبِيعٌ signifies also The rendering unclean, dirty, filthy, or impure. (O, K.) ― -b2- See 1, last sentence. 5 تطبّع ذ (assumed tropical:) He affected what was not in his natural disposition. (Har p. 236.) You say, تطبّع بِطِبَاعِهِ (tropical:) He affected, or feigned, his [i. e. another's] natural dispositions. (O, K, TA.) ― -b2- Also It (a vessel) became full or filled: (S, O, K:) quasi-pass. of طبّعهُ. (S.) And تطبّع بِالمَآءِ It (a river, or rivulet,) overflowed its sides with the water, and poured it forth abundantly. (TA.) ― -b3- See also 1, last quarter. 7 يَذُوبُ وَيَنْطَبِعُ ذ , a phrase of Es-Sarakhsee, meaning [It melts, and then] it admits of being sealed, stamped, imprinted, or impressed, is allowable on the ground of analogy, though we have not heard it [as transmitted from the Arabs of pure speech]. (Mgh.) ― -b2- [Golius has erroneously expl. انطبع as meaning “ Mansuetus, edoctus, obsequens fuit; ” on the authority of the KL; evidently in consequence of his having found its inf. n. (اِنْطِبَاعٌ) written in a copy of that work for اِنْطِياعٌ, the reading in my own copy.] 8 الاِطِّبَاعُ ذ for الاِضْطِبَاعُ see in art ضبع. طَبْعٌ ذ , originally an inf. n., (S,) signifies (assumed tropical:) A nature; or a natural, a native, or an innate, disposition or temper or the like; or an idiosyncrasy; syn. سَجِيَّةٌ (S, O, K, TA) or جِبِلَّةٌ (Msb) and خَلِيقَةٌ; (TA;) to which a man is adapted by creation; (S, O, Msb, K, TA;) [as though it were stamped, or impressed, upon him;] as also ↓ طَبِيعَةٌ ; (S, O, K, TA;) or this signifies his مِزَاج [i. e. constitution, or temperament, or aggregate natural constituents], composed of the [four] humours; (Msb; [see مِزَاجٌ;]) and ↓ طِبَاعٌ ; (S, O, K, TA;) or this last signifies, (K,) or signifies also, (O,) with the article ال prefixed to it, what is, or are, constituted in us in consequence of food and drink &c. (مَا رُكِّبَ فِينَا مِنَ المَطْعَمِ وَالمَشْرَبِ وَغْيَرِ ذٰلِكَ [in which مطعم and مشرب are evidently used as inf. ns. agreeably with general analogy]), (O, K, TA,) by غير ذلك being meant such as straitness and ampleness [of circumstances], and niggardliness and liberality, (TA,) of the natural dispositions that are inseparable from us; (O, K, TA;) and this word is fem., (O, TA,) like طَبِيعَةٌ, as is said in the M; or it is sing. and masc. accord. to Abu-l-Kásim Ez-Zejjájee; and it is also pl. of طَبْعٌ, as it is said to be by Az; (TA;) [and those who have asserted it to be fem. may have held it to be a pl.;] and ↓ طَابِعٌ is syn. with طِبَاعٌ [as a sing.]; (K, TA;) or, as Lh says, it is syn. with ↓ طَبِيعَةٌ ; of which the pl. is طَبَائِعُ. (TA.) ― -b2- Also (assumed tropical:) Model, make, fashion, or mould: as in the saying, اِضْرِبْهُ عَلَى طَبْعِ هٰذَا (assumed tropical:) [Make thou it, fashion it, or mould it, according to the model, make, fashion, or mould, of this]. (IAar, O, L, K, TA.) طِبْعٌ ذ A river, or rivulet; (As, T, S, O, K, TA;) so called because first dug [and filled] by men; having the meaning of مَطْبُوعٌ, like قطْفٌ in the sense of مَقْطُوفٌ; not applied to any of those cleft by God, such as the Tigris and the Euphrates and the Nile and the like thereof: (Az, TA:) pl. أَطْبَاعٌ [properly a pl. of pauc.,] (As, S, O,) or طُبُوعٌ, as heard by Az from the Arabs, and طِبَاعٌ: (TA:) or الطِّبْعُ, as some say, is the name of a particular river: (S, O:) or it is also thus applied, i. e. to a particular river. (K.) ― -b2- And i. q. مَغِيضُ مَآءٍ [i. e. A place where water sinks, or goes away, into the earth; or where water enters into the earth; and where it collects]: (O, K:) pl. أَطْبَاعٌ. (O, TA.) ― -b3- And The quantity sufficient for the filling of a measure for corn or the like, and of a skin, (O, K, TA, [والسِّقآءُ in the CK being a mistake for وَالسِّقَآءِ,]) such as does not admit of any addition: and the quantity that a vessel holds, of water. (TA.) -A2- See also the next paragraph, in two places. طَبَعٌ ذ Dirtiness, (S, Msb,) or dirt: (S:) or, as also ↓ طِبْعٌ , rustiness, or rust, (O, K, TA,) upon iron; (TA;) and dirtiness, or dirt, (O, K, TA,) covering the sword: (TA:) or the former signifies much dirtiness or dirt, from rust: (Lth, O, K:) pl. أَطْبَاعٌ. (K. [See طَبِعَ, of which طَبَعٌ is the inf. n.]) ― -b2- Also (tropical:) Disgrace, or dishonour; (A'Obeyd, O, K, TA;) and so ↓ طِيْعٌ ; (TA;) it is in religion, or in respect of worldly things. (A'Obeyd, TA.) Thábit-Kutneh says, in a verse ascribed by Et-Tanookhee to 'Orweh Ibn-Udheyneh, “ لَا خَيْرَ فِى طَمَعٍ يَهْدِى إِِلَى طَبَعٍ
وَغُفَّةٌ مِنْ قِوَامِ العَيْشِ تَكْفِينِى
” [There is no good in coveting, or covetousness, that leads to disgrace: and a sufficiency of the means of subsistence contents me]: (O, TA:) يَهْدِى in this case means يُؤَدِّى. (O.) طَبِعٌ ذ Rusty; applied to a sword. (TA.) ― -b2- Dirty. (Msb.) ― -b3- Applied to a man, (O,) (tropical:) Filthy, or foul, base, ignoble, mean, or sordid, in disposition; that will not be ashamed of an evil action or saying. (O, K, TA.) ― -b4- And (assumed tropical:) Sluggish, lazy, or indolent. (TA.) طُبْعَانُ الأَمِيرِ ذ The clay with which the prince, or governor, seals. (O, K.) طِبَاعٌ ذ , as a sing. and a pl.: see طِبْعٌ. طِبَاعَةٌ ذ The art, or craft, of the طَبَّاع, or manufacturer of swords, (O, K, TA,) or of knives, or of spear-heads, or the like. (TA.) ― -b2- [Also, as used in the present day, The art of printing.] طَبِيعَةٌ ذ : see طَبْعٌ, in two places. [It generally signifies] The مِزَاج [or nature, as meaning the constitution, or temperament, or aggregate natural constituents, of an animal body, or any other thing, for instance,] of medicine, and of fire, which God has rendered subservient [to some purpose or purposes]. (TA.) [Hence the phrase يَبَسَتْ طَبِيعَتُهُ, meaning He became costive. And الطَّبَائِعُ الأَرْبَعُ The four humours of the body: see خِلْطٌ and مِزَاجٌ.] طَبِيعِىٌّ ذ Natural; i. e. of, or relating to, the natural, native, or innate, disposition, or temper, or other quality or property; like جِبِلِّىٌّ; meaning essential; resulting from the Creator's ordering of the natural disposition in the body. (Msb in art. جبل.) [Hence, العِلْمُ الطَّبِيعِىُّ Natural, or physical, science.] طَبَّاعٌ ذ A manufacturer of swords, (O, K, TA,) or of knives, or of spear-heads, or the like. (TA.) طَبُّوعٌ ذ A certain venomous دُوَيْبَّة [or insect]: (El-Jáhidh, O, K, TA:) or, (K,) as said to Az by a man of Egypt, an insect (دُوَيْبَّة) (O) of the same kind as the قِرْدَان [or ticks], (O, K,) but (O) the bite of which occasions intense pain; (O, K;) and sometimes, or often, he that is bitten by it becomes swollen [app. in the part bitten], and is relieved by sweet things: Az says that it is with the Arabs [called, or what is called,] the نِبْر [which is expl. as meaning the tick; or an insect resembling the tick, which, when it creeps upon the camel, causes the track along which it creeps to swell; or as being smaller than the tick, that bites, and causes the place of its bite to swell; &c.]: (O:) [accord. to Dmr, as stated by Freytag, i. q. قَمْقَامَةٌ, which is expl. as applied to a small tick; and a species of louse, that clings tightly to the roots of the hair, app. meaning a crab-louse:] what is known thereof [or by this appellation] now is a thing of the form of a small emaciated tick, that sticks to the body of a man, and is hardly, or not at all, severed, except by the application of mercury. (TA.) طِبِّيعٌ ذ The heart (لُبّ) of the طَلْع [as meaning the spathe of the palm-tree]; (O, K;) so called because of its fulness; expl. in a trad. of El- Hasan El-Basree as meaning the طَلْع [i. e., in this case, agreeably with general usage, the spadix of the palm-tree] in its كُفُرَّى [i. e. spathe], the كُفُرُّى being the envelope of the طَلْع. (O, TA.) طَابَعٌ ذ and ↓ طَابِعٌ (S, O, Msb, K, &c.) i. q. خَاتَمٌ (S, O) and خَاتِمٌ (O) [meaning A signet, seal, or stamp; i. e.] a thing with which one seals, stamps, imprints, or impresses: (Msb, TA:) [and also a seal, or stamp, as meaning a piece of clay or wax or the like, or a place in a paper &c., impressed, or imprinted, with the instrument thus called:] and accord. to ISh, the former, (O,) or each, (K,) signifies the مِيسَم [which means the instrument for the branding or otherwise marking, and the brand or other mark,] of the فَرَائِض [or beasts that are to be given in payment of the poor-rate: see طَبَعَ الشَّاةَ]. (O, K.) One says, ↓ الطَّابِعُ طَابِعٌ [The signet, &c., is a thing that seals, &c.]; which is like the attribution of the act to the instrument. (Er-Rághib, TA.) And كَلَامٌ عَلَيْهِ طَابَعُ الفَصَاحَةِ (tropical:) [Language upon which is the stamp of chasteness, or perspicuity, &c.]. (TA.) طَابِعٌ ذ : see the next preceding paragraph, in two places: ― -b2- and see also طَبْعٌ. [ مَطْبَعٌ ذ A place where anything is sealed, stamped, imprinted, or impressed. And, as used in the present day, A printing-house; as also مَطْبَعَةٌ.] مُطْبَعَةٌ ذ , applied to a she-camel: see the next paragraph. مُطَبَّعٌ ذ Filled: so its fem. in the phrase قِرْبَةٌ مُطَبَّعَةٌ طَعَامًا [A skin filled with food]. (TA.) ― -b2- And مُطَبَّعَةٌ applied to a she-camel, Filled with fat and flesh, so as to be rendered firm in make: (Az, TA:) or [simply] fat. (Z, TA.) ― -b3- And, (TA,) so applied, Heavily laden; (S, O, K, TA;) and [in like manner] ↓ مُطْبَعَةٌ a she-camel heavily burdened by her load. (TA.) ― -b4- And مُهْرٌ مُطَبَّعٌ A colt trained, or rendered tractable or manageable. (TA.) مُطْبُوعٌ ذ [pass. part. n. of طَبَعَ in all its senses]. ― -b2- You say, هُوَ مَطْبُوعٌ عَلَى الكَرَمِ (tropical:) [He is created with an adaptation, or a disposition, to generosity]. (TA.)
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