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شَمَسَ ذ , aor. شَمُسَ and شَمِسَ , (S, Msb, K,) inf. n. شُمُوسٌ; (TA;) and شَمِسَ, aor شَمَسَ (K) and شَمُسَ also, like فَضِلَ, aor. يَفْضُلُ, accord. to the lexicologists, as ISd says, but he holds the aor. of شَمِسَ to be شَمَسَ [only]; (TA;) and ↓ اشمس ; (S, K;) It (a day) was, or became, sunny, or sunshiny; it had sun, or sunshine: (S, Msb, K:) or it had sun, or sunshine, all the daytime: or it was, or became, clear, or unobscured: (TA:) or its sun was, or became, vehement. (IF, Msb.) -A2- شَمَسَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. شَمُسَ (Msb, TA) and شَمِسَ , (Msb,) inf. n. شُمُوسٌ and شِمَاسٌ, (S, Msb, K,) He (a horse) refused to be ridden or mounted: (S, K:) or took fright and broke loose and ran away, refusing to be ridden, by reason of the vehemence of his force of resistance, [for لِشِدَّةِ متعبه in the TA, I read لشدّة مَنَعَتِهِ,] and his sharpness of temper, so that he would not remain still: (TA:) or became rebellious against his rider. (Msb.) ― -b2- [Hence,] شَمَسَتِ المَرْأَةُ (assumed tropical:) The woman abstained from looking at men, and from exciting their desire. (TA.) ― -b3- And شَمَسَ لِى فُلَانٌ (tropical:) Such a one showed enmity to me: (K: *) or showed his enmity to me, (T, S, A,) and almost made it to take effect, (A,) or as though he purposed to act: (T, TA:) or شَمَسَ فِى فُلَانٍ signifies, [unless فى be a mistake for لِى, and فُلَانٍ for فُلَانٌ,] he showed his enmity [towards such a one], and could not conceal it. (M in TA.) [See also 3.] ― -b4- And الخَمْرُ تَشْمُسُ بِصَاحِبِهَا (assumed tropical:) Wine overcomes, and runs away with, its drinker. (TA.) 2 شمّس ذ , (TK,) inf. n. تَشْمِيسٌ, (K,) He worshipped the sun. (K, TK.) -A2- And He spread a thing in the sun, or sunshine, (K, TK,) in order that it might dry. (TA.) 3 شامسهُ ذ , inf. n. مُشَامَسَةٌ and شِمَاسٌ, He opposed him, and treated him with enmity or hostility. (Th, TA.) [See also 1.] 4 أَشْمَسَ see 1, first signification. ― -b2- [Also He ascended a mountain towards the sun. (Freytag, from the Deewán of the Hudhalees.)] 5 تشمّس ذ He (a man) sat in the sun, or sunshine: (TA:) he set himself up [or exposed himself standing] to the sun. (S, TA.) -A2- تشمّس عَلَيْهِ He was niggardly, tenacious, or avaricious, to him. (TA.) [See also the part. n., below.] الشَّمْسُ ذ [The sun;] the body of the solar light, that runs its course in the firmament: (Lth, * TA:) it is fem.: (S, * Msb, K:) and has neither dual nor pl.: (Msb:) or it has a pl., [though this is not used in a pl. sense,] namely, شُمُوسٌ, (S, K,) as though they called every part of it a شمس, like as they said مَفَارِقُ for مَفْرِقٌ. (S.) When it is made determinate without the article ال, [as] in the name عَبْدُ شَمْسَ, meaning The Servant of the Sun, (Msb, K,) i. e., of this luminous object, (Msb,) the شمس of heaven, because they used to worship it, (K,) it is imperfectly decl., (Aboo- 'Alee, Msb, K,) because it is determinate and of the fem. gender, (Aboo-'Alee, K,) or because it is a proper name and of the fem. gender and altered from الشَّمْس: (Msb:) and a poet says, “ كَلَّا وَشَمْسَ لَنَخْضِبَنَّهُمُ دَمًا
” [Nay verily, by the sun, we will assuredly dye them with blood], making شمس imperfectly decl. because he means the art. ال to be understood: (IAar, TA:) but some say that in the former instance, (Msb, TA,) and in the latter, (TA,) the word in question has a different signification, which will be shown below: (Msb, TA:) and Sb says that none of the Arabs made شمس determinate without the art. ال, except in the proper name mentioned above, in which all of them made it so. (TA.) The dim. is ↓ شُمَيْسَةٌ . (S, TA.) ― -b2- [Also The sun, or sunshine.] You say, قَعَدَ فِى الشَّمْسِ [He sat in the sun, or sunshine]. (TA.) ― -b3- Also, (K, TA,) or شَمْسٌ, (Msb,) A certain ancient idol. (Msb, K.) Accord. to Ibn-El-Kelbee, it is this that is meant by the proper name mentioned above; and if so, it is perfectly decl.: (Msb:) and some say that it is this also that is meant in the words of the poet cited above, and that he makes the word imperfectly decl. because he uses it as a proper name of the image (الصُّورَة). (TA.) -A2- شَمْسٌ also signifies A kind of necklace or collar: (S, K:) or a pendant, or suspended ornament, (مِعْلَاق,) of the necklace or collar upon the neck: or the collar of a dog: (TA:) or a kind of women's ornament: of the masc. gender: (Lh, TA:) pl. شُمُوسٌ. (TA.) ― -b2- And A kind of comb, (K,) with which women in the first age used to comb themselves; (TA;) as also ↓ شَمْسَةٌ . (IDrd, TA.) -A3- يَوْمٌ شَمْسٌ: see شَامِسٌ. يَوْمٌ شَمِسٌ ذ : see شَامِسٌ. شَمْسَةٌ ذ : see شَمْسٌ, last sentence but one. شَمْسِىٌّ ذ [Of, or relating to, the sun; solar]. السَّنَةُ الشَّمْسِيَّةُ The solar year. (Mgh.) ― -b2- It is also a term applied by some of the Arabs to The first [annual] increase [of sheep and goats]. (Aboo-Nasr, TA voce صَفَرِىٌّ, q. v.) شَمَاسٌ ذ The disposition, in a horse, of refusing to be ridden, or mounted. (S.) ― -b2- [And hence,] (assumed tropical:) The disposition, in a woman, of abstaining from looking at men, and from exciting their desire: a subst. from شَمَسَتٌ. (TA.) شَمُوسٌ ذ A horse that refuses to be ridden or mounted; (S, K;) as also ↓ شَامِسٌ : (K:) or that takes fright and breaks loose and runs away, refusing to be ridden, by reason of the vehemence of his force of resistance and his sharpness of temper, so that he will not remain still: (TA: [see 1:]) or that will hardly remain still: (A:) or that rebels against his rider: (Msb:) or that refuses to be ridden or mounted, and will hardly remain still: (Mgh:) also applied to a she-camel: (TA:) شَمُوصٌ, with ص, applied to a horse is not allowable: (Msb:) pl. شُمُسٌ (A, Mgh, Msb, K) and شُمْسٌ. (K.) ― -b2- [Hence,] (assumed tropical:) A woman who abstains from looking at men, and from exciting their desire; as also ↓ شَامِسَةٌ : pl. of the former, شُمُسٌ; and of the latter, [شَوَامِسُ and] شُمُوسٌ. (TA.) ― -b3- Hence also, (Msb,) (tropical:) A man refractory, untractable, perverse, stubborn, or obstinate, in disposition: (S, Msb, TA:) and a man hard, harsh, or illnatured, in his enmity, vehement in contrariousness to him who opposes him: (TA:) شَمُوصٌ [with ص] is not allowable. (S.) ― -b4- [Hence too,] الشَّمُوسُ (assumed tropical:) Wine: (AHn, K:) because it overcomes, and runs away with, its drinker, like the horse to which this epithet is applied. (AHn.) شُمَيْسَةٌ ذ dir of شَمْسٌ, q. v. شَمَّاسٌ ذ One of the heads of the Christians, who shaves the middle of his head, and keeps to the church: (Lth, A, Mgh, K:) [in the present day, a deacon: see جَاثَلِيقُ:] not pure Arabic, (IDrd,) or not sound Arabic: (M:) [probably, as Golius says, from the Chaldee 165:] pl. شَمَامِسَةٌ. (Mgh, K: [in the TA, شماسة; and in a copy of the A, شَمَّاسَة; but the right reading is that in the Mgh.]) شَامِسٌ ذ A sunny, or sunshiny, day; a day having sun, or sunshine: or having sun, or sunshine, all the daytime: or clear; unobscured: and in like manner, ↓ شَمْسٌ and ↓ شَمِسٌ , a clear, cloudless, day: and شَامِسٌ also signifies intensely hot: (TA:) and ↓ مُشْمِسٌ , applied to a day, signifies the same as شَامِسٌ; (A;) and so ↓ مَشْمُوسٌ . (Th, TA.) -A2- A neck having [ornaments of the kind called] شُمُوس [pl. of شَمْسٌ, q. v.]: a possessive epithet. (TA.) -A3- See also شَمُوسٌ, in two places. أَشْمَسُ ذ More, and most, incompliant or resisting. (Ham p. 324.) مُشْمِسٌ ذ : see شَامِسٌ. مُشَمَّسٌ ذ Made [or spread to dry (see 2)] in the sun, or sunshine. (S.) مُشَمِّسٌ ذ A worshipper of the sun. (O, TA.) مَشْمُوسٌ ذ : see شَامِسٌ. مُتَشَمِّسٌ ذ [Sitting in or] setting himself up to [or exposing himself standing to] the sun. (K.) -A2- A man who defends what is behind his back: (ISh, TA:) a man strong (ISh, K, TA) in that which sustains or supports him; syn. قَوِىٌّ شَديدُ القُومِيَّةِ: (ISh, TA:) Sgh says شَديدُ القُوَّةِ; but the former is the right reading: (TA:) and niggardly, tenacious, or avaricious, to the utmost degree. (K.)
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