), the chief town of the Orestae, said to have been founded by Orestes, when he fled from Argos after the murder of his mother. (Strab. vii. p.326
.) Strabo (l.c.
) places these Orestae in Epirus; and they must probably be distinguished from the Macedonian Orestae, who dwelt near the sources of the Haliacmon, on the frontiers of Illyria. Stephanus B. (s. v. Ἄργος
) mentions an Argos in Macedonia, as well as Argos Oresticum; and Hierocles (p. 641) also speaks of a Macedonian Argos. Moreover, Ptolemy (3.13
. § § 5, 22) distinguishes clearly between an Epirot and a Macedonian Orestias, assigning to each a town Amantia. Hence the Macedonian Argos appears to have been a different place from Argos Oresticum.
The former was probably situated in the plain of Anaselítza,
near the sources of the Haliacmon, which plain is called “Argestaeus Campus” by Livy (27.33
; Leake, Northern Greece,
vol. iv. p. 121, who, however, confounds the Macedonian Argos with Argos Oresticum).
The site of Argos Oresticum is uncertain; but a modern writer places it near Ambracia, since Stephanus calls the Orestae (s. v.) a Molossian people. (Tafel, in Pauly's Realencycl.
vol. i. p. 738.)