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148. The Substantive Interrogative Pronoun quis, who? quid, what? is declined in the Singular as follows:—

M., F. N.
NOM. quis quid
GEN. cûius cûius
DAT. cui cui
ACC. quem quid
ABL. quō quō

The Plural is the same as that of the Relative, quī , quae , quae .

a. The singular quis is either masculine or of indeterminate gender, but in old writers it is sometimes distinctly feminine.

b. The Adjective Interrogative Pronoun, quī , quae , quod, what kind of? what? which? is declined throughout like the Relative:—

Note.--But quī is often used without any apparent adjective force; and quis is very common as an adjective, especially with words denoting a person: as, quī nōminat ? who calls my name? quis diēs fuit? what day was it? quis homō? what man? but often quī homō? what kind of man? nesciō quī sīs, I know not who you are.

SUBSTANTIVE ADJECTIVE
quis vocat, who calls? quī homō vocat, what man calls?
quid vidēs, what do you see? quod templum vidēs, what temple do you see?

c. Quisnam, pray, who? is an emphatic interrogative. It has both substantive and adjective forms like quis , quī .

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  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., AG Cic. 4.6
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