The law, men of Athens, ordains that actions for merchants and shipowners shall be before the Thesmothetae1 if they have been in any way wronged in the market either in connection with a voyage from Athens to any point, or from some other port to Athens; and it fixes imprisonment as the penalty for wrongdoers until such time as they shall have paid the amount adjudged against them, so that no one may lightly do wrong to any merchant.

1 The Thesmothetae were the six archons (other than the Eponymus, the Basileus, and the Polemarch), and were empowered to administer justice in cases not specifically within the province of any other magistrate.

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    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter IV
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