But when it seemed that the
life of Themistocles had unexpectedly been saved by an enemy, he fell again into even greater
dangers for the following reasons. Mandane was the daughter of the Darius1
who had slain the Magi and the full sister of
Xerxes, and she enjoyed high esteem among the Persians.
had lost her sons at the time Themistocles had defeated the Persian fleet in the sea-battle at
and sorely grieved over the death of her
children, and because of her great affliction she was the object of the pity of the people
When she learned of the presence of Themistocles, she went to
the palace clad in raiment of mourning and with tears entreated her brother to wreak vengeance
upon Themistocles. And when the king paid no heed to her, she visited in turn the noblest
Persians with her request and, speaking generally, spurred on the people to vengeance upon
When the mob rushed to the palace and with loud
shouts demanded the person of Themistocles for punishment, the king replied that he would form
a jury of the noblest Persians and that its verdict would be carried out.
This decision was approved by all, and since a considerable time was
given to make the preparations for the trial, Themistocles meanwhile learned the Persian
language, and using it in his defence he was acquitted of the charges.
And the king was overjoyed that Themistocles had been saved and honoured
him with great gifts; so, for example, he gave him in marriage a Persian woman, who was of
outstanding birth and beauty and, besides, praised for her virtue, and [she brought as
her dower] not only a multitude of household slaves for their service but also of
drinking-cups of every kind and such other furnishings as comport with a life of pleasure and
Furthermore, the king made him a present also of three cities
which were well suited for his support and enjoyment, Magnesia
upon the Maeander River, which had more grain than any city of Asia
, for bread, Myus
for meat, since the sea there abounded in fish, and Lampsacus
, whose territory contained extensive vineyards, for wine.