When Phaedon was archon in Athens
Seventy-sixth Olympiad was celebrated, that in which Scamandrius of Mytilene
won the "stadion," and in Rome
the consuls were Caeso Fabius and Spurius Furius
In the course of this year Leotychides, the king of the
Lacedaemonians, died after a reign of twenty-two years, and he was succeeded on the throne by
Archidamus, who ruled for forty-two years. And there died also Anaxilas, the tyrant of
after a rule of eighteen years, and he was succeeded in the tyranny
by Micythus, who was entrusted with the position on the understanding that he would restore it
to the sons of Anaxilas, who were not yet of age.
who became king of the Syracusans after the death of Gelon, observing how popular his brother
Polyzelus was among the Syracusans and believing that he was waiting to seize4
the kingship, was eager to put him out of the way, and so, enlisting foreign soldiers and
gathering about his person an organized body of mercenaries, he thought that by these means he
could hold the kingship securely.
And so, when the Sybarites
were being besieged by the Crotoniates and called on Hieron for help, he enrolled many soldiers
in the army, which he then put under the command of his brother Polyzelus in the belief that he
would be slain by the Crotoniates.
When Polyzelus, suspecting
what we have mentioned, refused to undertake the campaign, Hieron was enraged at his brother,
and when Polyzelus took refuge with Theron, the tyrant of Acragas
, he began making preparation for war upon Theron.
Subsequently to these events, Thrasydaeus
the son of Theron was governing the city of Himera more harshly than was proper, and the result
was that the Himerans became altogether alienated from him.
Now they rejected the idea of going to his father and entering an accusation with him, since
they did not believe they would have in him a fair listener; but they dispatched to Hieron
ambassadors, who presented their complaints against Thrasydaeus and offered to hand Himera over
to Hieron and join him in his attack upon Theron.
however, having decided to be at peace with Theron, betrayed the Himerans and disclosed to him
their secret plans. Consequently Theron, after examining into the reported plan and finding the
information to be true, composed his differences with Hieron and restored Polyzelus to the
favour he had previously enjoyed, and then he arrested his opponents, who were many, among the
Himerans and put them to death.