Hieron removed the people of Naxos1
from their cities and sent there settlers of his own
choosing, having gathered five thousand from the Peloponnesus
and added an equal number of others from Syracuse
; and the name of Catana
he changed to Aetna
, and not only
the territory of Catana
but also much neighbouring
land which he added to it he portioned out in allotments, up to the full sum of ten thousand
This he did out of a desire, not only that he might
have a substantial help ready at hand for any need that might arise, but also that from the
recently founded state of ten thousand men he might receive the honours accorded to heroes. And
the Naxians and Catanians whom he had removed from their native states he transferred to
Leontini and commanded them to make their homes in that city along with the native population.
And Theron, seeing that after the slaughter of the Himerans
the city was in need of settlers, made a mixed multitude there, enrolling as its citizens both
Dorians and any others who so wished.
These citizens lived
together on good terms in the state for fifty-eight years; but at the expiration of this period
the city was conquered and razed to the ground by the Carthaginians2
and has remained without
inhabitants to this day.