When Praxiergus was
archon in Athens
, the Romans elected as consuls
Aulus Verginius Tricostus and Gaius Servilius Structus. At this time the Eleians, who dwelt in
many small cities, united to form one state which is known as Elis
And the Lacedaemonians, seeing that
was in a humbled state by reason of the
treason of their general Pausanias, whereas the Athenians were in good repute because no one of
their citizens had been found guilty of treason, were eager to involve Athens
in similar discreditable charges.
Consequently, since Themistocles was greatly esteemed by the Athenians
and enjoyed great fame for his high character, they accused him of treason, maintaining that he
had been a close friend of Pausanias and had agreed with him that together they would betray
They also carried on conversations with the enemies of Themistocles, inciting them to lodge
an accusation against him, and gave them money; and they explained that, when Pausanias decided
to betray the Greeks, he disclosed the plan he had to Themistocles and urged him to participate
in the project, and that Themistocles neither agreed to the request nor decided that it was his
duty to accuse a man who was his friend.
At any rate a charge
was brought against Themistocles, but at the time he was not found guilty of treason. Hence at
first after he was absolved he stood high in the opinion of the Athenians; for his fellow
citizens were exceedingly fond of him on account of his achievements. But afterwards those who
feared the eminence he enjoyed, and others who were envious of his glory forgot his services to
the state, and began to exert themselves to diminish his power and to lower his presumption.