What other man, while
still had the superior strength and the
Spartan Eurybiades held the supreme command of the fleet, could by his singlehanded efforts
have deprived Sparta
of that glory? Of what other
man have we learned from history that by a single act he caused himself to surpass all the
commanders, his city all the other Greek states, and the Greeks the barbarians? In whose term
as general have the resources been more inferior and the dangers they faced greater?
Who, facing the united might of all Asia
, has found himself at the side of his city when its inhabitants had been
driven from their homes,1
still won the victory? Who in time of peace has made his fatherland powerful by deeds
comparable to his? Who, when a gigantic war enveloped his state, brought it safely through and
by the one single ruse of the bridge2
reduced the land armament of the enemy by half, so that it could be easily
vanquished by the Greeks?
Consequently, when we survey the
magnitude of his deeds and, examining them one by one, find that such a man suffered disgrace
at the hands of his city, whereas it was by his deeds that the city rose to greatness, we have
good reason to conclude that the city which is reputed to rank highest among all cities in
wisdom and fair-dealing acted towards him with great cruelty.
Now on the subject of the high merits of Themistocles, even
if we have dwelt over-long on the subject in this digression, we believed it not seemly that we
should leave his great ability unrecorded.
While these events
were taking place, in Italy Micythus, who was ruler of Rhegium
, founded the city