When Diphilus was
archon in Athens
, the Romans elected as consuls
Marcus Horatius and Lucius Valerius Turpinus. In Rome
during this year, since the legislation remained unfinished because of the civil discord, the
consuls brought it to conclusion; that is, of the Twelve Tables, as they are called, ten had
been drawn up, and the consuls wrote into law the two remaining. After the legislation they had
undertaken had been concluded, the consuls engraved the laws on twelve bronze tablets and
affixed them to the Rostra before the Senate-house. And the legislation as it was drawn up,
since it is couched in such brief and pithy language, has continued to be admired by men down
to our own day.
events we have described were taking place, the greater number of the nations of the inhabited
world were quiet, practically all of them being at peace. For the Persians had two treaties
with the Greeks, one with the Athenians and their allies according to which the Greek cities of
were to live under laws of their own
they also concluded one later with the Lacedaemonians, in which exactly the opposite terms had
been incorporated, whereby the Greek cities of Asia
were to be subject to the Persians. Likewise, the Greeks were at peace with one another, the
Athenians and Lacedaemonians having concluded a truce of thirty years.
Affairs likewise in Sicily
were in a peaceful state, since the Carthaginians had made a treaty with Gelon, the Greek
cities of Sicily
had voluntarily conceded the hegemony
to the Syracusans, and the Acragantini, after their defeat at the river Himera, had come to
terms with the Syracusans.
There was quiet also among the
peoples of Italy
and Celtice, as well as over
and almost all the rest of the inhabited
world. Consequently no deed of arms worthy of mention was accomplished in this period, a single
peace prevailed, and festive gatherings, games, sacrificial festivals of the gods, and
everything else which accompanies a life of felicity prevailed among all mankind.