The Samians, believing that because of the departure of Pericles they had
a suitable opportunity to attack the ships that had been left behind, sailed against them, and
having won the battle they were puffed up with pride.
Pericles received word of the defeat of his forces, he at once turned back and gathered an
imposing fleet, since he desired to destroy once and for all the fleet of the enemy. The
Athenians rapidly dispatched sixty triremes and the Chians and Mytilenaeans thirty, and with
this great armament Pericles renewed the siege both by land and by sea, making continuous
He built also siege machines, being the first of all
men to do so,1
such as those called "rams" and "tortoises," Artemon of
Clazomenae having built them; and by pushing the siege with energy and throwing down the walls
by means of the siege machines he gained the mastery of Samos
. After punishing the ringleaders of the revolt he exacted of the Samians the
expenses incurred in the siege of the city, fixing the penalty at two hundred talents.
He also took from them their ships and razed their walls;
then he restored the democracy and returned to his country.
for the Athenians and Lacedaemonians, the thirty-year truce between them remained unshaken to
These, then, were the events of this year.