At the close of this year, in Athens Pyrgion was archon and
in Rome four military tribunes took over the consular magistracy, Lucius Lucretius, Servius
Sulpicius, Gaius Aemilius, and Gaius Rufus,2
and the Ninety-eighth Olympiad was
celebrated, that in which Sosippus of Athens was the victor.3
When these men had entered office, Dionysius, the lord of the
Syracusans, advanced with his army to Hipponium, removed its inhabitants to Syracuse, razed the
city to the ground, and apportioned its territory to the Locrians.
For he was continuously set upon doing the Locrians favours for the marriage they had
agreed to, whereas he studied revenge upon the Rhegians for their affront with respect to the
offer of kinship. For on the occasion when he sent ambassadors to them to ask them to grant him
in marriage a maiden of their city, the Rhegians replied to the ambassadors by action of the
people, we are told, that the only maiden they would agree to his marrying would be the
daughter of their public executioner.
Angered because of this
and believing that he had been grossly insulted, he was bent on getting revenge upon them.
Indeed the peace he had concluded with them in the preceding year had come from no hankering on
his part for friendly relations, but was designed to strip them of their naval power, which
consisted of seventy triremes. For he believed that if the city were cut off from aid by sea he
could easily reduce it by siege.
Consequently, while loitering
in Italy, he kept seeking a plausible excuse whereby he might seem to have broken the truce
without prejudice to his own standing.