While these events were taking place, Pharnabazus, the satrap1
of King Darius, wishing
to gratify the Lacedaemonians, seized Alcibiades the Athenian and put him to death. But since
Ephorus recounts that his death was sought for other reasons, I think it not unprofitable to
set forth the plot against Alcibiades as the historian has described it.
He states in the Seventeenth Book that Cyrus and the Lacedaemonians were
making secret plans for a joint war against Cyrus' brother Artaxerxes, and Alcibiades, learning
of Cyrus' purpose from certain parties, went to Pharnabazus and told him of it in detail; and
he asked him for someone to conduct him on a mission to Artaxerxes, since he wished to be the
first to disclose the plot to the King.
But Pharnabazus, on
hearing the story, usurped the function of reporter and sent trusted men to disclose the matter
to the King. When Pharnabazus did not provide escorts to the capital, Ephorus continues,
Alcibiades set out to the satrap of Paphlagonia in order to make the trip with his assistance;
but Pharnabazus, fearing lest the King should hear the truth of the affair, sent men after
Alcibiades to slay him on the road.
These came upon him where
he had taken shelter in a village of Phrygia, and in the night enclosed the place with a mass
of fuel. When a strong fire was kindled, Alcibiades endeavoured to save himself, but came to
his death from the fire and the javelins of his attackers.2
About the same time
the philosopher died at the age of ninety. And Lasthenes the Theban, who was the
victor in the Olympic Games of this year, won a race, we are told, against a race horse, the
course being from Coroneia to the city of the Thebans.4
In Italy the Roman garrison of
a city of the Volsci, was attacked by the enemy, who captured the city and
slew most of the defenders.