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Archonides, the leader of Herbite, after the citizen-body of the Herbitaeans had concluded peace with Dionysius, determined to found a city. For he had not only many mercenaries but also a mixed throng who had streamed into the city in connection with the war against Dionysius; and many of the destitute among the Herbitaeans had promised him to join in the colony. [2] Consequently, taking the multitude of refugees, he occupied a hill lying eight stades from the sea, on which he founded the city of Halaesa; and since there were other cities of Sicily with the same name, he called it Halaesa Archonidion after himself. [3] When, in later times, the city grew greatly both because of the trade by sea and because the Romans exempted it from tribute, the Halaesians denied their kinship with the Herbitaeans, holding it a disgrace to be deemed colonists of an inferior city. [4] Nevertheless, up to the present time numerous ties of relationships are to be found among both peoples, and they administer their sacrifices at the Temple of Apollo with the same routine. But there are those who state that Halaesa was founded by the Carthaginians at the time when Himilcon concluded his peace with Dionysius. [5]

In Italy a war arose between the Romans and the people of Veii for the following reasons.1 In this campaign the Romans voted for the first time to give annual pay to the soldiers for their support. They also reduced by siege the city of the Volsci which was called at that time Anxor2 but now has the name Tarracine.

1 There is probably a lacuna here. The "reasons" are given in Livy 4.58.

2 Anxur.

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hide References (8 total)
  • Cross-references to this page (6):
    • The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, HALAISA Sicily.
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), EXE´RCITUS
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), STIPE´NDIUM
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), ALAESA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), HE´RBITA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), TARRACI´NA
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 4, 58
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (1):
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