At the close of the year Micion was archon in Athens, and in Rome three
military tribunes took over the consular magistracy, Titus Quinctius, Gaius Julius, and Aulus
Mamilus. After these magistrates had entered office, the inhabitants of Oropus fell into civil
strife and exiled some of their citizens.
For a time the
exiles undertook to effect their return by their own resources, but finding themselves unable
to carry through their purpose, they persuaded the Thebans to send an army to assist them.
The Thebans took the field against the Oropians, and becoming
masters of the city, resettled the inhabitants some seven stades from the sea; and for some
time they allowed them to have their own government, but after this they gave them Theban
citizenship and attached their territory to Boeotia.
While these events were taking place, the Lacedaemonians
brought a number of charges against the Eleians, the most serious being that they had prevented
Agis, their king, from offering sacrifices to the god2
and that they had not allowed the Lacedaemonians to complete in the
Consequently, having decided to wage war on the
Eleians, they dispatched ten ambassadors to them, ordering them, in the first place, to allow
their subject cities to be independent, and after that they demanded of them their quota of the
cost of the war against the Athenians.
This they did in quest
of specious pretexts for themselves and of plausible openings for war. When the Eleians not
only paid no heed to them but even accused them besides of enslaving the Greeks, they
dispatched Pausanias, the other of their two kings, against them with four thousand soldiers.
He was accompanied by many soldiers also from practically all
the allies except the Boeotians and Corinthians. They, being offended by the proceedings of the
Lacedaemonians, took no part in the campaign against Elis.
Pausanias, then, entered Elis by way of Arcadia and
straightway took the outpost of Lasion at the first assault; then, leading his army through
Acroreia, he won to his side the four cities of Thraestus, Halium, Epitalium, and Opus.
Moving thence, he straightway encamped near Pylus and took
this place, which was about seventy stades from Elis. After this, advancing to Elis proper, he
pitched his camp on the hills across the river.3
A short time before this the Eleians had got from the Aetolians a thousand
elite troops to help them, to whom they had given the region about the gymnasion
When Pausanias first of all started to lay siege to
this place, and in a careless manner, not supposing that the Eleians would ever dare to make a
sortie against him, suddenly both the Aetolians and many of the citizens, pouring forth from
the city, struck terror into the Lacedaemonians and slew some thirty of them.
At the time Pausanias raised the siege, but after this, since he saw
that the city would be hard to take, he traversed its territory, laying it waste and plundering
it, even though it was sacred soil, and gathered great stores of booty.
Since the winter was already at hand, he built walled outposts in Elis
and left adequate forces in them, and himself passed the winter with the rest of the army in