When the soldiers learned what had taken place, at the moment they were
panic-stricken and all rushed to arms in great disorder, since there was no one to command; but
after this, since no one disturbed them, they elected a number of generals and put the supreme
command in the hands of one, Cheirisophus the Lacedaemonian.
The generals organized the army for the march on the route they thought best and proceeded
toward Paphlagonia. Tissaphernes sent the generals in chains to Artaxerxes, who executed the
others but spared Menon alone, since he alone, because of a quarrel with his allies,1
was thought to be
ready to betray the Greeks.
Tissaphernes, following with his
army, clung to the Greeks, but he did not dare to meet them in battle face to face, fearing as
he did the courage and recklessness of desperate men; and although he harassed them in places
well suited for that purpose, he was unable to do them any great harm, but he followed them,
causing slight difficulties, as far as the country of the people known as the Carduchi.
Since Tissaphernes was unable
to accomplish anything further, he set out with his army for Ionia; and the Greeks made their
way for seven days through the mountains of the Carduchi, suffering greatly at the hands of the
natives, who were a warlike people and well acquainted with the region.
They were enemies of the King and a free people who practised the arts
of war, and they especially trained themselves in hurling the largest stones they could with
slings and in the use of enormous arrows, with which missiles they inflicted wounds on the
Greeks from advantageous positions, slaying many and seriously injuring not a few.
For the arrows were more than two cubits long2
and pierced both the shields and breastplates, so
that no armour could withstand their force; and these arrows they used were so large, we are
told, that the Greeks wound thongs about those that had been shot and used them as javelins to
Now after they had traversed with difficulty the
country we have mentioned, they arrived at the river Centrites, which they crossed, and entered
Armenia. The satrap here was Tiribazus, with whom they made a truce and passed through his
territory as friends.