After the meeting of the assembly the Syracusans, with
the permission of Dionysius, seized as plunder the property of the Phoenicians; for no small
number of Carthaginians had their homes in Syracuse and rich possessions, and many also of
their merchants had vessels in the harbour loaded with goods, all of which the Syracusans
Similarly the rest of the Sicilian Greeks drove out
the Phoenicians who dwelt among them and plundered their possessions; for although they hated
the tyranny of Dionysius, they were still glad to join in the war against the Carthaginians
because of the cruelty of that people.
For the very same
reasons, too, the inhabitants of the Greek cities under the rule of the Carthaginians, as soon
as Dionysius publicly enacted war, made open display of their hatred of the Phoenicians; for
not only did they seize their property as plunder, but they also laid hands on their persons
and subjected them to every kind of physical torture and outrage, remembering what they had
themselves suffered during the time of their captivity.
did they go in the vengeance they wreaked on the Phoenicians both at this time and
subsequently, that the Carthaginians were taught the lesson no more to transgress the law in
their treatment of conquered peoples; for they did not fail to realize, learning as they did by
very deeds, that in war Fortune is impartial to both combatants and in defeat both sides must
suffer the same sort of thing that they themselves have done to those who were unfortunate.
Now when Dionysius had made
ready all his preparations for the war, he determined to send messengers to Carthage with the
announcement: The Syracusans declare war upon the Carthaginians unless they restore freedom to
the Greek cities that they have enslaved.
Dionysius, then, was
engaged in the affairs we have discussed.
historian ended with this year his History of the Persians,
which began with
Ninus and Semiramis. And in this year the most distinguished composers of dithyrambs were in
their prime, Philoxenus of Cythera, Timotheus of Miletus, Telestus of Selinus, and Polyeidus,
who was also expert in the arts of painting and music.