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When the year ended, Cephisodorus was archon at Athens, and at Rome the people elected four military tribunes with consular power, Lucius Furius, Paulus Manlius, Servius Sulpicius, and Servius Cornelius. During their term of office, Themison,2 tyrant of Eretria, seized Oropus. But this city, which belonged to Athens, he quite unexpectedly lost; for when the Athenians took the field against him with far superior forces, the Thebans, who had come to aid him and had taken over from him the city for safekeeping, did not give it back. [2]

While these things were going on, the Coans transferred their abode to the city they now inhabit and made it a notable place3; for a large population was gathered into it, and costly walls and a considerable harbour were constructed. From this time on its public revenues and private wealth constantly increased, so much so that it became in a word a rival of the leading cities of Greece. [3]

While these things were going on, the Persian King4 sent envoys and succeeded in persuading the Greeks to settle their wars and make a general peace with one another. Accordingly the war called Sparto-Boeotian was settled after lasting more than five years counting from the campaign of Leuctra. [4]

In this period there were men memorable for their culture,5 Isocrates the orator and those who became his pupils, Aristotle the philosopher, and besides these Anaximenes of Lampsacus, Plato of Athens, the last of the Pythagorean philosophers, and Xenophon who composed his histories in extreme old age, for he mentions the death of Epameinondas which occurred a few years later.6 Then there were Aristippus and Antisthenes, and Aeschines of Sphettus, the Socratic.

1 366/5 B.C.

2 See Xen. Hell. 7.4.1; Dem. 18.99; Aeschin. 2.164; Aeschin. 3.85.

3 See Strabo 14.2.19.

4 See Xen. Hell. 7.1.39. For previous embassies from Artaxerxes urging peace see chaps. 38.1, 50.4, 70.2. This congress which met at Thebes seems to have been as unsuccessful as the previous ones.

5 "Paideia" is translated "culture" by Werner Jaeger in his three-volume work of that title (1. xvi). One may well be surprised at a list of names which includes the orator Anaximenes of Lampsacus and omits Demosthenes. The last of the Pythagoreans include Archytas, Timaeus, Xenophilus, Phanton, Echecrates, Diocles, and Polymnastus (Diog. Laert. 8.46, 79).

6 i.e. later than the year 366/5.

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