When the year
ended, Cephisodorus was archon at Athens, and at Rome the people elected four military tribunes
with consular power, Lucius Furius, Paulus Manlius, Servius Sulpicius, and Servius Cornelius.
During their term of office, Themison,2
tyrant of Eretria, seized Oropus. But this city, which belonged to Athens,
he quite unexpectedly lost; for when the Athenians took the field against him with far superior
forces, the Thebans, who had come to aid him and had taken over from him the city for
safekeeping, did not give it back.
While these things were going on, the Coans transferred their abode to the city they
now inhabit and made it a notable place3
; for a large population was gathered into
it, and costly walls and a considerable harbour were constructed. From this time on its public
revenues and private wealth constantly increased, so much so that it became in a word a rival
of the leading cities of Greece.
While these things were going on, the Persian King4
sent envoys and succeeded in persuading the
Greeks to settle their wars and make a general peace with one another. Accordingly the war
called Sparto-Boeotian was settled after lasting more than five years counting from the
campaign of Leuctra.
period there were men memorable for their culture,5
Isocrates the orator and those who became his pupils, Aristotle the
philosopher, and besides these Anaximenes of Lampsacus, Plato of Athens, the last of the
Pythagorean philosophers, and Xenophon who composed his histories in extreme old age, for he
mentions the death of Epameinondas which occurred a few years later.6
Then there were Aristippus and
Antisthenes, and Aeschines of Sphettus, the Socratic.