When Nicophemus was
archon at Athens, the consular office at Rome was assumed by Gaius Sulpicius and Gaius
Licinius. During their term of office Alexander, tyrant of Pherae, sent pirate ships against
stormed some and took many captives, then
disembarking mercenaries on Peparethos3
put the city under
And when the Athenians came to the assistance of the
Peparethians and left Leosthenes in command of the mission, Alexander attacked the Athenians.
Actually they were blockading such of Alexander's soldiers as were stationed in Panormus. And
since the tyrant's men attacked unexpectedly, Alexander won a surprising success. For he not
only rescued the detachment at Panormus from the greatest danger, but he also captured five
Attic triremes and one Peparethian, and took six hundred captives.
The Athenians, enraged, condemned Leosthenes to death as a traitor and confiscated his
property, then choosing Chares4
as general in command and giving him a fleet, they sent him out. But he
spent his time avoiding the enemy and injuring the allies. For he sailed to Corcyra, an allied
city, and stirred up such violent civil strife in it that many murders and seizures took place,
with the result that the Athenian democracy was discredited in the eyes of the allies. So it
turned out that Chares, who did many other such lawless acts, accomplished nothing good but
brought his country into discredit.
The historians Dionysodorus and Anaxis,5
Boeotians, closed their
narrative of Greek history with this year. But we, now that we have narrated the events before
the time of King Philip, bring this book to a close here in accordance with the plan stated at
In the following book
which begins with Philip's accession to the throne, we shall record all the achievements of
this king to his death, including in its compass those other events as well which have occurred
in the known portions of the world.