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After this the Boeotians, who had taken captive on foraging parties a good many mercenaries, brought them out in front of the city and made an announcement by heralds that the Amphictyons were punishing with death these men present who had enlisted with the temple-robbers; and immediately, making the deed follow the word, shot them all down. [2] But the mercenaries serving with the Phocians were so enraged by this that they demanded of Philomelus that he mete out the like punishment to the enemy, and then, when, bending every effort, they had taken captive many men who were straggling up and down the countryside where the enemy were, they brought them back and all these Philomelus shot. Through this punishment they forced the opposite side to give up their overweening and cruel vengeance. [3] After this, as the armies were invading another district and were making a march through heavily wooded rough regions, both vanguards suddenly became intermingled. An engagement took place and then a sharp battle in which the Boeotians, who far outnumbered the Phocians, defeated them. [4] As the flight took place through precipitous and almost impassable country1 many of the Phocians and their mercenaries were cut down. Philomelus, after he had fought courageously and had suffered many wounds, was driven into a precipitous area and there hemmed in, and since there was no exit from it and he feared the torture after capture, he hurled himself over the cliff and having thus made atonement to the gods ended his life [5] Onomarchus, his colleague in the generalship, having succeeded to the command and retreated with such of his force as survived, collected any who returned from the flight. [6]

While these things were going on, Philip, king of the Macedonians, after taking Methone2 by storm and pillaging it, razed it to the ground, and having subdued Pagasae forced it to submit. In the region of the Black Sea Leucon, the king of the Bosporus, died after ruling forty years, and Spartacus,3 his son, succeeding to the throne, reigned for five years. [7] A war took place between the Romans and Faliscans4 and nothing important or memorable was accomplished; only raids and pillaging of the territory of the Faliscans went on. In Sicily after Dion the general had been slain by some mercenaries from Zacynthos, Callippus,5 who had procured them for the assassination, succeeded him and ruled thirteen months.

1 The decisive battle was fought at Neon (see Paus. 10.2.4). A good description of the campaign is given by Beloch, Griechische Geschichte (2), 3.1.250, note 1, and by Pickard-Cambridge, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.215 ff.

2 The last city on the coast of Philip's possessions still belonging to Athens. Diodorus repeats the notice of its capture in chap. 34.4 f. For the date see Beloch, op. cit. 3.2.269 and Pickard-Cambridge, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.219.

3 The correct spelling is Spartocus (Σπάρτοκος) according to Latyschew, Inscr. Ant. Orae Sept. Ponti Eux. p. xviii. Diodorus is probably wrong as to the dates of these reigns. For a discussion see Beloch, op. cit. 3.2.91 ff., with whom Cary, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.71 disagrees.

4 See Livy, 7.16.2-6.

5 Callippus was a member of Plato's Academy (cf. Athenaeus 11.508e; Diogenes Laertius 3.46; Suidas; only "an Athenian" in Plat. L. 7.333e, quoted by Plut. Dion 54) who accompanied his friend Dion to Syracuse. Claiming that Dion was substituting one tyranny for another but actually wishing to get power himself, Callippus effected his assassination. (See Beloch, op. cit. 3.1.261 and note, and Hackforth, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.284 f.) Parallel accounts are Plut. Dion 54-57; Nepos Dion 8-10 (Callicrates sic).

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