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After the death of Onomarchus his brother Phayllus succeeded to the command of the Phocians. In an attempt to retrieve the disaster, he began to gather a multitude of mercenaries, offering double the customary pay, and summoned help from his allies. He got ready also a large supply of arms and coined gold and silver money. [2]

About the same time Mausolus, the tyrant of Caria,1 died after ruling twenty-four years, and Artemisia, his sister and wife, succeeded to the throne and reigned for two years. [3] Clearchus, the tyrant of Heracleia,2 was slain during the festival of Dionysus as he went to witness the spectacle, after ruling twelve years, and his son Timotheus3 succeeded to the throne and ruled for fifteen years. [4] The Etruscans,4 continuing their war with the Romans, sacked much of the enemy territory and after marauding as far as the Tiber returned to their own country. [5] In Syracuse, civil strife having broken out between the friends of Dion and Callippus,5 Dion's friends were defeated, fled to Leontini, and, after a short time, when Hipparinus son of Dionysius6 had put ashore at Syracuse with troops, Callippus was defeated and driven from the city, and Hipparinus, having recovered his father's realm, ruled for two years.

1 See chap. 7.3.

2 See Book 15.81.5. On his death see Justin 16.5.12 to end and Memnon (FHG, 3), 1.4.

3 Memnon (FHG, 3), 2.1 and Justin, l.c., say his brother Satyrus seized the power. See Beloch, Griechische Geschichte (2), 3.2.94 ff.

4 See Livy 7.17.6 ff.

5 See chap. 31.7; Plut. Dion 58.1-3; Polyaenus 5.4.

6 This Hipparinus was son of the elder Dionysius and of Dion's sister Aristomache, hence half-brother of the younger Dionysius.

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