He began to make war also on the
Phoenicians for the following reasons. In Phoenicia there is an important city called Tripolis,
whose name is appropriate to its nature, for there are in it three cities, at a distance of a
stade from one another, and the names by which these are called are the city of the Aradians,
of the Sidonians, and of the Tyrians. This city enjoys the highest repute amongst the cities of
Phoenicia, for there, as it happens, the Phoenicians held their common council and deliberated
on matters of supreme importance.
Now since the King's satraps
and generals dwelt in the city of the Sidonians and behaved in an outrageous and high-handed
fashion toward the Sidonians in ordering things to be done, the victims of this treatment,
aggrieved by their insolence, decided to revolt from the Persians.
Having persuaded the rest of the Phoenicians to make a bid for their independence,1
ambassadors to the Egyptian king Nectanebos, who was an enemy of the Persians, and after
persuading him to accept them as allies they began to make preparations for the war.
Inasmuch as Sidon was distinguished for its wealth and its private
citizens had amassed great riches from its shipping, many triremes were quickly outfitted and a
multitude of mercenaries gathered, and, besides, arms, missiles, food, and all other materials
useful in war were provided with dispatch.
The first hostile
act was the cutting down and destroying of the royal park in which the Persian Kings were wont
to take their recreation; the second was the burning of the fodder for the horses which had
been stored up by the satraps for the war; last of all they arrested such Persians as had
committed the acts of insolence and wreaked vengeance upon them.
Such was the beginning of the war with the Phoenicians, and Artaxerxes, being apprised
of the rash acts of the insurgents, issued threatening warnings to all the Phoenicians and in
particular to the people of Sidon.