When Callimachus was archon at Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Gaius Marcius and
Publius Valerius. During their term of office Artaxerxes, seeing that Mentor the general had
performed great services for him in the war against the Egyptians, advanced him over and above
his other friends.
Esteeming him worthy of honour for his
gallant actions, he gave him a hundred talents of silver and also the best of expensive
decorations, and he appointed him satrap of the Asiatic coast and placed him in charge of the
war against the rebels, having designated him general in supreme command.
And since Mentor was related2
to Artabazus and Memnon, both of whom had warred against the
Persians in the preceding period3
and at the time now under consideration were fugitives from Asia residing at the
court of Philip, he requested the King and prevailed upon him to dismiss the charges against
them. Immediately afterwards he also summoned them both to come to his presence with all their
for there had been born to Artabazus by the sister
of Mentor and Memnon eleven sons and ten daughters.4
And Mentor was so enchanted with the large number of children born to the marriage
that he promoted the lads, giving them the most distinguished commands in the armed forces.
He made his first campaign against Hermias5
the tyrant of Atarneus, who had
revolted from the King and was master of many fortresses and cities.
Having promised Hermias that he would prevail upon the King to dismiss the charges
against him too, he met him at a conference and then, playing him false, arrested him. After
getting possession of his signet-ring and writing to the cities that a reconciliation had been
effected with the King through Mentor's intervention, he sealed the letters with Hermias' ring,
and sent the letters and with them agents who were to take over the districts.
The populations of the cities, trusting the documents and being quite
content to accept the peace, all surrendered their fortresses and cities. Now that Mentor
through deception had quickly and without risk recovered the towns of the rebels, he won great
favour with the King, who concluded that he was capable of performing the duties of general
Similarly with regard to the other commanders
who were at odds with the Persians, whether by force or by stratagem, he soon subdued them
And this was the state of affairs in Asia.
In Europe Philip, the Macedonian king,
marched against the cities of Chalcidice, took the fortress of Zereia6
by siege and razed it. He then
intimidated some of the other towns and compelled them to submit. Then coming against Pherae in
Thessaly he expelled Peitholaus,7
who was in control of
While these things were going on, there occurred in
Pontus the death of Spartacus king of Pontus after a rule of five years. His brother
to the throne and reigned for thirty-eight years.