At the end of this year, Lysimachides became archon at Athens, and in Rome there were elected
as consuls Quintus Servilius and Marcus Rutilius.2
In this year, Timoleon returned to Syracuse and promptly
expelled from the city as traitors all the mercenaries who had abandoned him under the
leadership of Thrasius.
These crossed over into Italy, and
coming upon a coastal town in Bruttium, sacked it. The Bruttians, incensed, immediately marched
against them with a large army, stormed the place, and shot them all down with javelins.3
Those who had abandoned
Timoleon were rewarded by such misfortune for their own wickedness.
Timoleon himself seized and put to death Postumius the
had been raiding sea traffic with twelve corsairs, and had put in at Syracuse as a friendly
city. He received the new settlers sent out by the Corinthians kindly, to the number of five
thousand. Then, when the Carthaginians sent envoys and pleaded with him urgently, he granted
them peace on the terms that all the Greek cities should be free,5
that the river Lycus6
should be the boundary of their respective territories, and that the
Carthaginians might not give aid to the tyrants who were at war with Syracuse.
After this, he concluded his war with
Hicetas and put him to death,7
attacked the Campanians in Aetna and wiped them out.8
Likewise he overbore Nicodemus, tyrant of Centuripae, and
ousted him from that city; and putting an end to the tyranny of Apolloniades in Agyrium9
he gave Syracusan
citizenship to its freed inhabitants. In a word, all of the tyrants throughout the island were
uprooted and the cities were set free and taken into his alliance.
He made proclamation in Greece that the Syracusans would give land and houses to those
who wished to come and share in their state, and many Greeks came to receive their
Ultimately forty thousand settlers were assigned to the
vacant land of Syracuse and ten thousand to that of Agyrium, because of its extent and quality.
At this time, also, Timoleon
revised the existing laws of Syracuse, which Diocles had composed.11
Those concerning private contracts and inheritance
he allowed to remain unaltered, but he amended those concerned with public affairs in whatever
way seemed advantageous to his own concept.
director of this legislative programme was Cephalus the Corinthian, a man distinguished for
education and intelligence. When his hands were free of this matter, Timoleon transferred the
people of Leontini to Syracuse, but sent additional settlers to Camarina and enlarged the city.