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After this defeat, the Athenians condemned to death the general Lysicles on the accusation of Lycurgus, the orator. Lycurgus had the highest repute of the politicians of his time, and since he had won praise for his conduct of the city's finances over a period of twelve1 years and lived in general a life renowned for rectitude, he proved to be a very stern prosecutor. [2] One can judge of his character and austerity in the passage in his accusation where he says: "You were general, Lysicles. A thousand citizens have perished and two thousand were taken captive. A trophy stands over your city's defeat, and all of Greece is enslaved. All of this happened under your leadership and command, and yet you dare to live and to look on the sun and even to intrude into the market, a living monument of our country's shame and disgrace." [3]

There was an odd coincidence in the period under review. At the same time as the battle took place at Chaeroneia, another battle occurred in Italy on the same day and at the same hour between the people of Tarentum and the Lucanians.2 In the service of Tarentum was Archidamus, the Lacedaemonian king, and it happened that he was himself killed. [4] He had ruled the Lacedaemonians for twenty-three years; his son Agis succeeded to the throne and ruled for nine years.3 [5]

At this time, also, Timotheus the tyrant of Heracleia-Pontica died after having been in power for fifteen years. His brother Dionysius succeeded to the tyranny and ruled for thirty-two years.4

1 Diodorus has got ahead of himself. Lycurgus's service as finance minister belongs to the years 338/7-327/6 B.C. (Kunst, Real-Encyclopädie, 13 (1927), 2448 f.). He was, however, almost fifty years old at this time, and so a mature statesman.

2 This battle has already been mentioned, chaps. 62.4-63.1.

3 For Archidamus see chap. 63.2; for Agis, Book 17.63.2-4.

4 See chap. 36.3 and Book 20.77.1.

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