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2 Rheomithres was mentioned as a cavalry commander on the Persian right wing at the Granicus (chap. 19.4). Curtius 3.11.10 mentions the death of Atizyes, Rheomithres, and Sabaces, satrap of Egypt; Arrian. 2.11.8 names Arsames, Rheomithres, Atizyes, Sabaces of Egypt, and Bubaces. Although Diodorus has reported Atizyes dead at the Granicus (chap. 21.3), it is possible that he is the otherwise unknown Antixyes here.
3 By Dareius himself, according to Chares (Plut. De Fortuna aut Virtute Alexandri 2.9.341b). Alexander's wound is mentioned by Curtius 3.11.10, Justin 11.9.9, Plut. Alexander 20.2, and Arrian. 2.12.1.
4 A more literal rendering would be "they shook off (or out) their bits," but it is hard to see how horses could do this. Curtius 3.11.11 renders the same idiom as "iugum quatere," "toss the yoke." If, as has been suggested in the Introduction, Diodorus was using Trogus as a source, it may be that he was put to it to translate a Latin saying. We may assume that the horses reared and tossed and shook their heads, making their control almost impossible. This is how they are represented in the Alexander Mosaic.
5 The Alexander Mosaic shows Dareius about to mount a horse to make his escape, as in Curtius 3.11.11 and Arrian. 2.11.5. In chap. 37.1, also, Dareius makes his escape on horseback. Perhaps he intended to continue the battle in the second chariot.
6 Arrian. 2.11.8 quotes Ptolemy as reporting that Alexander's cavalry in the pursuit crossed a deep gully on the piled up bodies of the dead. Even a king, it seems, might draw the long bow on occasion in writing history.
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