He himself embarked with his Friends, and sailed down the river toward the southern
The bulk of his army marched along the bank of the river,
under the command of Craterus and Hephaestion.2
When they came to the junction of the
Acesines and the Hydaspes,3
he disembarked his soldiers and led them against the people called Sibians.
They say that these are the descendants of the soldiers who
came with Heracles to the rock of Aornus and were unsuccessful in its siege,4
and then were settled in this spot by him. Alexander encamped beside a
very fine city, and the leading notables of the citizens came out to see him. They were brought
before the king, renewed their ties of kinship, and undertook to help him enthusiastically in
every way, as being his relatives. They also brought him magnificent gifts.
Alexander accepted their goodwill, declared their cities to be free, and
marched on against the next tribes.
He found that the Agalasseis,
as they were called, were drawn up in battle formation.5
strength was forty thousand infantry and three thousand cavalry. He engaged them and,
conquering, cut down most of them. Those who escaped into the neighbouring cities he besieged,
captured, and sold as slaves.
Other groups of natives had
collected also. He took by storm a large city in which twenty thousand persons had taken
refuge. The Indians barricaded the streets and fought stoutly from the houses, and he lost not
a few Macedonians in pressing his victory home.
This made him
angry. He set fire to the city and burned up most of the inhabitants with it.6
The remaining natives to the number
of three thousand had fled to the citadel, whence they appealed for mercy with suppliant
branches. Alexander pardoned them.