The Lacedaemonians, having appointed Pausanias, who had held the command at Plataea
, admiral of their fleet, instructed him to liberate
the Greek cities which were still held by barbarian garrisons.
And taking fifty triremes from the Peloponnesus
summoning from the Athenians thirty commanded by Aristeides, he first of all sailed to
and liberated those cities which still had
and after this he sailed to the Hellespont
and took Byzantium
, which was held by the Persians, and of the other barbarians some he
slew and others he expelled, and thus liberated the city, but many important Persians whom he
captured in the city he turned over to Gongylus of Eretria
to guard. Ostensibly Gongylus was to keep these men for punishment, but
actually he was to get them off safe to Xerxes; for Pausanias had secretly made a pact of
friendship with the king and was about to marry the daughter of Xerxes, his purpose being to
betray the Greeks.
The man who was acting as negotiator in
this affair was the general Artabazus, and he was quietly supplying Pausanias with large sums
of money to be used in corrupting such Greeks as could serve their ends.
The plan of Pausanias, however, was brought to light and he got his punishment in the
For Pausanias emulated the luxurious life of
the Persians and dealt with his subordinates in the manner of a tyrant, so that they were all
angry with him, and especially those Greeks who had been assigned to some command.
Consequently, while many, as they mingled together in the army both by
peoples and by cities, were railing at the harshness of Pausanias, some Peloponnesians1
deserted him and sailed back to the Peloponnesus
, and dispatching ambassadors to Sparta
they lodged an accusation against Pausanias; and Aristeides the Athenian,
making wise use of the opportunity, in the course of his public conferences with the states won
them over and by his personal intimacy with them made them adherents of the Athenians.2
But even more did matters play by mere chance into the hands of the Athenians by
reason of the following facts.