Shortly after, the King of Persia died, having ruled forty-three years, and Ochus, who
now assumed a new name, Artaxerxes, succeeded to the kingdom and ruled twenty-three
years;—for since the first Artaxerxes had ruled well and had shown himself altogether
peace-loving and fortunate, the Persians changed the names of those who ruled after him and
prescribed that they should bear that name.1
When King Tachos had returned to the army of Agesilaus,2
Nectanebos, who had collected more than a hundred thousand men, came
against Tachos and challenged him to fight a battle for the kingship. Now Agesilaus, observing
that the king was terrified and lacked the courage to risk a battle, bade him take heart.
"For," said he, "it is not those who have the advantage of numbers who win the victory, but
those who excel in valour." But since the king paid no heed to Agesilaus, he was obliged to
withdraw with him to a large city.
The Egyptians at first
started to assault them once they were shut in it, but when they had lost many men in their
attacks on the walls, they then began to surround the city with a wall and a ditch. As the work
was rapidly nearing completion by reason of the large number of workers, and the provisions in
the city were exhausted, Tachos despaired of his safety, but Agesilaus, encouraging the men and
attacking the enemy by night, unexpectedly succeeded in bringing all the men out safely.
And since the Egyptians had pursued close on their heels and
the district was now flat, the Egyptians supposed that they had the enemy surrounded by
superior numbers, and would utterly destroy them, but Agesilaus seized a position which had on
each side a canal fed by the river and thus halted the enemy's attack.
Then having drawn up his force in conformity with the terrain and
protected his army by the river channels, he joined battle. The superior numbers of the
Egyptians had become useless, and the Greeks, who surpassed them in courage, slew many
Egyptians and forced the rest to flee.
easily recovered the Egyptian kingship,3
Agesilaus, as the one who single-handed had restored his kingdom, was honoured with appropriate
gifts. On his journey back to his native land by way of Cyrene Agesilaus died, and his body
packed in honey4
was conveyed to Sparta where he received kingly burial and
So far did events in Asia progress to the end of the