Tennes, having confided his scheme for
betrayal to Mentor1
the commander of
the mercenaries from Egypt, left him to guard a portion of the city and to act in concert with
his agents handling the betrayal, while he himself, with five hundred men, marched out of the
city, pretending that he was going to a common meeting of the Phoenicians, and he took with him
the most distinguished of the citizens, to the number of one hundred, in the role of advisers.
When they had come near the King he suddenly seized the
hundred and delivered them to Artaxerxes. The King, welcoming him as a friend, had the hundred
shot as instigators of the revolt, and when five hundred of the leading Sidonians carrying
olive branches as suppliants approached him, he summoned Tennes and asked him if he was able to
deliver the city to him; for he was very eager not to receive Sidon on the terms of a
capitulation, since his aim was to overwhelm the Sidonians with a merciless disaster and to
strike terror into the other cities by their punishment.
Tennes assured him that he would deliver up the city, the King, maintaining his merciless rage,
had all five hundred shot down while still holding the supplicant branches. Thereupon Tennes,
approaching the mercenaries from Egypt, prevailed upon them to lead him and the King inside the
So Sidon by this base betrayal was delivered into the
power of the Persians; and the King, believing that Tennes was of no further use to him, put
him to death.2
But the people of Sidon before the arrival of the King burned all their ships so
that none of the townspeople should be able by sailing out secretly to gain safety for himself.
But when they saw the city and the walls captured and swarming with many myriads of soldiers,
they shut themselves, their children, and their women up in their houses and consumed them all
They say that those who were then destroyed in the
fire, including the domestics, amounted to more than forty thousand. After this disaster had
befallen the Sidonians and the whole3
together with its inhabitants had been obliterated by the fire, the King sold that funeral pyre
for many talents,
for as a result of the prosperity of the
householders there was found a vast amount of silver and gold melted down by the fire. So the
disasters which had overtaken Sidon had such an ending, and the rest of the cities,
panic-stricken, went over to the Persians.
Shortly before this time Artemisia, who had held despotic rule over Caria,
passed away after ruling two years, and Idrieus,4
her brother, succeeded to the despotism and ruled seven years.
In Italy the Romans made an armistice with the people of Praeneste, and
a treaty with the Samnites, and they put to death two hundred sixty inhabitants of
at the hands of the public executioners in the
In Sicily Leptines and Callippus, the Syracusans then
in power, took by siege Rhegium,6
which was garrisoned by the tyrant Dionysius the younger, ejected the
garrison, and restored to the people of Rhegium their independence.