Then on the next day,
as the King divided the Greek army into three contingents, each contingent had a Greek general,
and stationed along beside him a Persian officer, a man preferred above the others for valour
Now the forward position was held by the
Boeotians, who had as general the Theban Lacrates and as Persian officer Rhosaces. The latter
was a descendant of one of the seven Persians who deposed the Magi1
he was satrap of Ionia and Lydia, and he was accompanied by a large force of cavalry and no
small body of infantry composed of barbarians.
Next in line
was the Argive contingent of which Nicostratus was general and with him as Persian colleague
Aristazanes. The latter was an usher2
of the King and the most faithful of his
friends after Bagoas; and assigned to him were five thousand elite soldiers and eighty
Of the third contingent Mentor was general, he who
had betrayed Sidon, having the mercenaries that were formerly under his command; and associated
with him on the expedition was Bagoas, whom the King trusted most, a man exceptionally daring
and impatient of propriety; and he had the King's Greeks and an ample force of barbarians and
not a few ships.
The King himself with the remainder of the
army held himself in reserve for the whole operation.3
the distribution of the army on the Persian side, the king of the Egyptians, Nectanebos, was
dismayed neither by the multitude of the enemy nor by the general disposition of the Persian
forces, though his numbers were far inferior.
In fact he had
twenty thousand Greek mercenaries, about the same number of Libyans, and sixty thousand
Egyptians of the caste known amongst them as "The Warriors", and besides these an incredible
number of river-boats suited for battles and engagements on the Nile.
The bank of the river facing Arabia had been strongly fortified by him, being a region
crowded with towns and, besides, all intersected by walls and ditches. Although he had ready
also all the other preparations which were adequate for the war, yet because of his own poor
judgement he soon met with complete disaster.