In Europe, Agis king of
Sparta engaged the services of those mercenaries who had escaped from the battle at Issus,
eight thousand in number, and sought to change the political situation in Greece in favour of
He received from the Persian king ships and money and
sailed to Crete, where he captured most of the cities and forced them to take the Persian
That Amyntas who had fled from
Macedonia and had gone up to Dareius had fought on the Persian side in Cilicia. He escaped,
however, from the battle at Issus with four thousand mercenaries2
and got to Tripolis in Phoenicia
before Alexander's arrival. Here he chose from the whole Persian fleet enough ships to
transport his soldiers, and burned the rest.
He sailed over to
Cyprus, took on additional soldiers and ships, and continued on down to Pelusium. Becoming
master of that city, he proclaimed that he had been sent by King Dareius as military commander
because the satrap of Egypt had been killed fighting at Issus in Cilicia.3
He sailed up the river to Memphis and defeated the local
forces in a battle before the city, but then, as his soldiers turned to plunder, the Egyptians
issued out of the city, attacked his men as they were scattered looting estates located in the
countryside, and killed Amyntas and all who came with him to the last man.
And that was the end of Amyntas, who had set his hand to great
undertakings and failed when he had every prospect of success.
His experience was paralleled by those of the other officers and troop leaders who escaped at
the head of their military units from the battle at Issus and attempted to maintain the Persian
Some got to important cities and held them for Dareius,
others raised tribes4
and furnishing themselves
with troops from them performed appropriate duties in the time under review.
The delegates of the League of Corinth voted to send fifteen envoys with a
golden wreath as a prize of valour from Greece to Alexander,5
instructing them to congratulate him
on his victory in Cilicia.
Alexander, in the meantime, marched
down to Gaza, which was garrisoned by the Persians, and took the city by storm after a siege of