This was an action for keeping a free person in private custody. There are
no orations upon this subject extant. Pollux (6.353) mentions εἱπγμὸς
in a list of ἀδικήματα.
The Lex. Cantabr.
s. v. defines
it, εἴ τίς τινα ἔδησεν ἢ συνέσχεν
and quoting Dem. c. Mid.
hints that Agatharchus the painter might have adopted this remedy against
Alcibiades ([Andoc.] c. Alcib.
§§ 17, 18;
Plut. Alc. 16
). In Dinarch. c.
§ 23, it is mentioned that a miller incurred
capital punishment for a like offence. Meier looked upon it as another
instance of εἱργμός,
whilst Maetzner (ad l.c.
) and Lipsius (Att. Process,
p. 410 n.) take it to be a γραφὴ ὕβρεως.
If the latter view be correct, the punishment was not so severe as to cause
any astonishment (such as Thonissen expresses, Droit
p. 294 f.). Quite different from this action
was ἀδίκως εἱρχθῆναι ὡς μοιχόν.