commissioners of sacrifices at Athens, were of various kinds. Aristotle
classes them with treasurers (ταμίαι
) as exercising an
office separate from that of priests (Pol.
p. 1322 b, 25); in one of the numerous inscriptions referring to them,
are distinguished (C. I. G.
76=C. I. A.
1.32; Boeckh, Sthh.
3 2.45); in another, the latter are classed with
and ἐπιμεληταὶ τῶν μυστηρίων
among those who reckoned with
the state for the δερματικόν
157=C. I. A.
2.741; Boeckh, op. cit.
p. 101 ff.; cf. Dem. c. Mid.
BOONAE, DERMATIKON). The ἱεροποιοὶ κατ᾽ ἐνιαυτὸν
were a body of ten appointed
annually by lot for the state sacrifices in general, including those of
quinquennial festivals, but excepting, we are told, the Panathenaea [p. 1.961]
(Pollux, 8.107). Several grammarians also
expressly state, quoting the high authority of Aristotle, that these
hieropoei had nothing to do with the Panathenaea (Phot., Etym.
s.v.; Lex. Seguer.
p. 265, 22); but this is either
a mistake or refers to a later period: an undoubted inscription of B.C. 410
records that at the Panathenaic festival 5114 drachmas were paid from the
treasury for a hecatomb to the ἱεροποιοὶ κατ᾽
(C. I. G.
1.188; Boeckh, Sthh.
3 2.5, cf.
pp. 8, 118). Other hieropoei were assigned to particular deities and their
temples, while others again were elected for particular festal celebrations
1.427, E. T.). It is these last,
probably, who are called ἐπιμήνιοι
contradistinction to those κατ᾽ ἐνιαυτόν
(Hesych. s. vv.
mentions as a high honour his having been selected “from all the
Athenians” as one of three ἱεροποιοὶ
ταῖς σεμναῖς θεαῖς,
i. e. to the Eumenides (c.
p. 552.115); the nomination in this case seems to have belonged
to the Areopagus (Müller, on Aesch. Eum.
p. 179; Schömann, op. cit.
p. 496). Among festivals mentioned as provided for by hieropoei are those of
the Delian Apollo and the Brauronian Artemis (Pollux, l.c.
), of Bendis, Asclepios, and Ἀγαθὴ
(C. I. G.
157=C. I. A.
2.741, Boeckh, l.c.
p. 107). As regards their
duties, the mention of the δερματικὸν
that they provided the victims with the money voted them for the purpose,
and afterwards accounted for their hides; the actual slaying was probably
done by inferior priests, but the hieropoei had to begin the sacrificial
ceremonies (κατάρξασθαι τῶν ἱερῶν,
). Hence, though really public officers,
they are sometimes represented by the grammarians as sacrificing priests
(Boeckh, P. E.
p. 216 = Sthh.
3 1.273; cf. Hermann, Gottesd. Alterth.
n. 10.62, n. 11).