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حَنَفَ حنف , aor. حَنِفَ , (K,) inf. n. حَنْفٌ, (TK,) He, or it, inclined, or declined. (K, TA.) You say, حَنَفَ إِِلَيْهِ (TA) and اليه ↓ تحنّف (K) He inclined to it. (K, TA.) And حَنَفَ عَنْهُ and عنه ↓ تحنّف He declined from it. (TA.) -A2- حَنِفَ, aor. حَنَفَ , (Msb, K,) inf. n. حَنَفٌ; (Msb;) and حَنُفَ, aor. حَنُفَ ; (K;) He had that kind of distortion which is termed حَنَفٌ as explained below. (Msb, K.) 2 حنّفهُ حنف حنفه حنفة , (K,) or حنّف رِجْلَهُ, (S,) inf. n. تَحْنِيفٌ, (K,) He rendered him, (K,) or his leg, or foot, (S,) أَحْنَف. (S, K.) 5 تحنّف حنف تحنف : see 1, in two places. ― -b2- [Hence,] He did according to the حَنِيفِيَّة; (S, K;) i. e. the law of Abraham, which is the religion of ElIslám: (TA:) or he became circumcised: or he turned away from the worship of idols; (S, K;) and became, or made himself, a servant of God; or applied, or devoted, himself to religious services or exercises. (S.) [See تَحَنَّثَ.] حَنَفٌ حنف , originally, A natural wryness: and particularly an inversion of the foot, so that the upper side becomes the lower: so says IDrd; (Mgh;) or a crookedness in the leg, or foot; (S, O, K;) i. e., (S, O, but in the K “ or ”) a turning of one of the great toes towards the other: (S, O, K:) or [a distortion that causes] one's walking on the outer part of the foot, on the side in which is the little toe: (K: [and so accord. to an explanation of ↓ أَحْنَفُ by IAar cited in the S:]) or an inclining [app. inwards] in the fore part of the foot. (Lth, K.) ― -b2- Accord. to Ibn- 'Arafeh and the K, it signifies also A right state or condition or tendency; and accord. to the former, the epithet ↓ أَحْنَفُ is applied to him who has a wry leg, or foot, only by way of presaging a right state: but Er-Rághib explains حَنَفٌ better, as signifying an inclining, from error, to a right state or tendency. (TA.) حَنَفِيَّةٌ حنفي حنفيه حنفية The persons called in relation to the Imám Aboo-Haneefeh [because they hold his tenets]; as also ↓ أَحْنَافٌ . (TA.) حَنَفِىٌّ [is its n. un.: and] signifies [also] one who is of the religion of Abraham. (Mgh. [See also حَنِيفٌ.]) -A2- A مِيضَأَة; [by which is here meant a vessel with a tap, for the purpose of ablution, such as is often used in a private house; and a fountain, i. e. a tank with taps, for the same purpose, in a mosque; because persons of the persuasion of Aboo-Haneefeh must perform the ablution preparatory to prayer with running water, or from a tank or the like at least ten cubits in breadth and the same in depth;] but this application is post-classical. (TA.) -A3- سُيُوفٌ حَنَفِيَّةٌ, (L, K, * TA,) or ↓ حَنِيفِيَّةٌ , (so accord. to the CK,) or حَنْفِيَّةٌ, (so in a MS. copy of the K,) Certain swords, so called in relation to El-Ahnaf Ibn- Keys; because he was the first who ordered to make them: by rule it should be أَحْنَفِيَّةٌ. (Lth, L, K.) حَنِيفٌ حنيف Inclining to a right state or tendency: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or right, or having a right state or tendency; (Akh, S, TA;) thus applied in like manner as أَعْوَرُ is applied to a crow: (S:) [and particularly] inclining, from one religion, to another: (Ham p. 358:) or inclining, from any false religion, to the true religion: (Mgh:) or inclining in a perfect manner to El-Islám, and continuing firm therein: (K:) and any one who has performed the pilgrimage: (As, K, TA:) so say I'Ab and El-Hasan and Es-Suddee; and Az says the like on the authority of Ed-Dahhák: (TA:) or one who is of the religion of Abraham, (K, TA,) in respect of making the Sacred House [of Mekkeh] his kibleh, and of the rite of circumcision: (TA:) [and] a Muslim; (S, Mgh, Msb;) because he inclines to the right religion: (Msb:) but in this last sense, it is a conventional term of the professors: (Mgh:) [or,] accord. to AO, the worshipper of idols, in the Time of Ignorance, called himself thus; and when El-Islám came, they thus called the Muslim: accord. to Akh, it was applied in the Time of Ignorance to him who was circumcised, and who performed the pilgrimage to the [Sacred] House; because the Arabs in the Time of Ignorance held nothing of the religion of Abraham except circumcision and that pilgrimage: accord. to Ez-Zejjájee, it was applied in the Time of Ignorance to him who made the pilgrimage to the [Sacred] House and performed the ablution on account of جَنَابَة and was circumcised; and when El-Islám came, it was applied to the Muslim, because of his turning from the belief in a plurality of gods: (TA:) also one who devotes himself to religious exercises; or applies himself to devotion: (Msb:) its predominant application is to Abraham: (Mgh:) pl. حُنَفَآءُ. (AO, TA.) ― -b2- [Hence,] حَسَبٌ حَنِيفٌ Recent [grounds of pretension to respect or honour]; of the time of El-Islám; not old. (TA.) -A2- Short. (K.) -A3- A maker of sandals. (K.) حُنَيْفٌ حنيف : see أَحْنَفُ. حَنِيفِيَّةٌ حنيف حنيفيه حنيفية , accord. to Th and Zj, An inclining to a thing: but ISd says that this explanation is nought. (TA.) ― -b2- The law of Abraham; which is the religion of El-Islám: also termed مِلَّةٌ حَنِيفِيَّةٌ. (TA.) ― -b3- See also حَنَفِيَّةٌ. أَحْنَفُ ذ Having that kind of distortion which is termed حَنَفٌ as explained above; (S, Msb, K;) applied to a man: (S, Msb:) and so [the fem.] حَنْفَآءُ applied to a leg or foot: (K:) accord. to IAar, one who walks on the outer part of his foot, (S,) or of his feet, (Msb,) on the side in which is the little toe: (S:) or who has one of his great toes turning towards the other: (Mgh:) its abbreviated dim. is ↓ حُنَيْفٌ . (Msb.) See حَنَفٌ, in two places. ― -b2- Also حَنْفَآءُ, A curved staff or stick; in the dial. of Syria. (TA.) ― -b3- A bow; (K;) because of its curved shape. (TA.) ― -b4- A razor; (K;) for the same reason. (TA.) ― -b5- The chameleon. (K.) ― -b6- The tortoise. (K.) ― -b7- A certain marine fish, also called أَطُومٌ. (K.) ― -b8- A certain tree. (IAar, K.) ― -b9- (tropical:) A changeable female slave, at one time lazy and at another brisk. (IAar, K.) أَحْنَافٌ ذ : see حَنَفِيَّةٌ.
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