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Train yourself in self-imposed toils, that you may be able to endure those which others impose upon you.1 Practice self-control in all the things by which it is shameful for the soul to be controlled,2 namely, gain, temper, pleasure, and pain. You will attain such self-control if you regard as gainful those things which will increase your reputation and not those which will increase your wealth; if you manage your temper towards those who offend against you as you would expect others to do if you offended against them; if you govern your pleasures on the principle that it is shameful to rule over one's servants and yet be a slave to one's desires; and if, when you are in trouble, you contemplate the misfortunes of others and remind yourself that you are human.

1 So also Democritus, Stobaeus, Flor. xxix. 63.

2 The Greek ideal of freedom through self-control, See Socrates in Xen. Mem. 4.5. Cf. Isoc. 3.29.

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  • Cross-references to this page (3):
    • Herbert Weir Smyth, A Greek Grammar for Colleges, THE CASES
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.1
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.pos=2.1
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (2):
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (2):
    • Isocrates, Nicocles or the Cyprians, 29
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 4.5
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (3):
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