at the end of the same summer, upon the arrival of Marcus Marcellus at the city from his province of Sicily, a session of the senate in the Temple of Bellona was granted him by Gaius Calpurnius, the praetor.
there after speaking of his achievements he complained gently, not more on his own account than that of the soldiers, because even after completing his task in the province, he had not been permitted to bring home his army, and he demanded that he be permitted to enter the city in triumph.
that request was not granted. there was first a wordy discussion whether it was more illogical [p. 81]
that he in whose name, though absent, a1
thanksgiving for successes gained under his command had been decreed and honour rendered to the gods, should be denied a triumph when present, or on the other hand that he whom they had ordered to tum over his army to a successor —a
vote which was not taken except when a war still remained in the province —should triumph just as though the war were finished, and in spite of the absence of the army to witness his triumph as deserved or undeserved.
thereupon they adopted a compromise, that he should enter the city in an ovation.2
the tribune of the plebs on the authority of the senate brought before the people the proposal that Marcus Marcellus should have full military power on the day on which he entered the city in an ovation.
on the day before his entry into the city he triumphed on the Alban Mount.3
then in his ovation he caused a great amount of booty to be carried before him into the city.
together with a representation of captured Syracuse4
were carried catapults and ballistae
and all the other engines of war, and the adornments of a long peace and of royal wealth, a quantity of silverware and bronze —ware,
other furnishings and costly fabrics, and many notable statues, with which Syracuse had been adorned more highly than most cities of Greece. as a sign of triumph over Carthaginians as well, eight elephants were in the procession.
and not the least spectacle, in advance of the general and wearing golden wreaths, were Sosis5
of Syracuse and Moericus6
with one of them as guide at night Syracuse had7
been entered; the other had betrayed Nasus and the garrison there. to both of these citizenship was granted and five hundred iugera
to Sosis, in the territory of Syracuse, land which had either belonged to the king or to enemies of the Roman people, and a house at Syracuse, to be chosen by him from those owned by men whom they had punished by the law of war.
to Moericus and the Spaniards who had changed sides with him a city and land in Sicily were ordered to be given, chosen from among those who had revolted from the Roman people. instructions were given to Marcus Cornelius8
to assign them a city and land wherever he saw fit.
in the same region four hundred iugera
of land were voted to Belligenes,9
by whom Moericus had been induced to change sides.
after Marcellus' departure from Sicily a Carthaginian fleet landed eight thousand infantry and three thousand Numidian cavalry. to them the cities of Murgentia and Ergetium revolted.
their rebellion was followed by that of Hybla and Macella and some others of less importance. and the Numidians, roaming everywhere in Sicily under their prefect Muttines, burned over lands of allies of the Roman people.
in addition the Roman army, being indignant, partly because it had not been transported out of the province along with its commander,10
and partly because they had been forbidden to winter in towns, was serving without spirit. and what they lacked for a mutiny was a leader rather than the inclination.
in the midst of these difficulties Marcus Cornelius, the praetor, quieted the soldiers' excitement, now by consoling, now by censuring them; [p. 85]
likewise he reduced to subjection all the city —states11
which had revolted. and of these he assigned Murgentia to the Spaniards to whom a city with its territory was due in conformity with a decree of the senate.