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1 Livy, whose chronology gives Hasdrubal a whole year in Gaul, does not speak of Scipio's couriers sent to Rome; Zonaras IX. viii. 7.
2 His route from the western Pyrenees across Gaul is thought by some to have been a northerly one, as possibly indicated by mention of the Arverni at xxxix. 6; see p. 288, n. 2, but also p: 366, n. 2. Highly improbable is Jullian's theory (based upon a questionable interpretation of Silius Italicus XV. 494) that Hasdrubal wintered at Iliberris (Elne), hardly 15 miles from the eastern pass guarded by Scipio's detachment. More can be said for the historic low-level route Tolosa-Carcaso-Narbo, and then on the trail of Hannibal at least until the Rhone was reached. Cf. Jullian, Histoire de la Gaule I. 496; De Sanctis I. c. 483.
3 B.C. 208
4 The usual phrase in describing the formal rite of purification with which the work of the censors came to an end; cf. I. xliv. 2, etc.
5 Ten years before, in the censorship of Flaminius and Aemilius Papus, the number of citizens had been over 270,000, almost twice as many; Periocha XX.
6 I.e. with awnings to protect the spectators at gladiatorial shows. For the same purpose Caesar covered the entire Forum; Pliny N. H. XIX. 23.
7 B.C. 208
8 As in XXV. ii. 10; XXIX. xxxviii. 8; XXX. xxxix. 8.
9 B.C. 207
10 Cf. Vol. VI. p. 346, n. 3, and 501, note.
11 I.e. the legions to be assigned to the consuls,
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