Philip learned that the Dardani had crossed the borders, out of contempt for his stricken kingdom, and were then
laying waste the farther2
frontiers of Macedonia, although he was hard pressed in every quarter of the world, since fortune
had turned against him and his people, nevertheless, thinking that to be robbed of the possession of Macedonia was a sadder fate than death, he quickly levied troops in the cities of Macedonia and with six thousand infantry and five hundred cavalry suddenly fell upon the enemy near Stobi in Paeonia.
Many men fell in the battle, many more through their lust for booty while roving through the fields. Those to whom flight was possible returned to their country without even risking the hazard of a battle.
Philip returned to Thessalonica with the courage of his people renewed by this one expedition, so different in its outcome from his other experiences.
The end of the Punic War,3
coming in time to free the Romans from the necessity of fighting Philip at the same moment, was no more fortunate than the defeat of Philip when Antiochus was already preparing war from Syria;
for, in addition to the fact that war is more easily waged against one at a time than when two have brought their united strength [p. 331]
to bear upon one, in Spain also about the same time4
there was a grave uprising and revolt.
When Antiochus, during the preceding summer, had transferred all the cities which are situated in Coele Syria from the power of Ptolemy to his own dominion and had retired to Antioch for the winter, this period was as full of activity as the summer had been.
For, when he had assembled huge military and naval forces by exerting all the strength of his kingdom, in the beginning of spring5
he sent his two sons, Ardyes and Mithradates, ahead with the army by land.
Ordering them to wait for him at Sardis, he set out in person with one hundred decked ships and besides two hundred lighter vessels, schooners and brigs, with the double purpose of trying to win over the cities which had been under the control of Ptolemy
along the whole shore of Cilicia, Lycia, and Caria, and of aiding Philip with his army and navy —for that war had not yet been ended.