When these men assured him that if the Roman army
had been at the gates the uprising would not have been so futile, and that the Argives would not remain quiet if he moved his camp nearer the city, Quinctius sent the light infantry and cavalry, who engaged with a party of Lacedaemonians who rushed out of the gate near Cylarabis —a
gymnasium less than three hundred paces from the city —and without great effort drove them back into the town. Then the Roman general placed his camp on the spot where the battle had occurred.
He spent the next day watching to see if any new disturbance would arise; when he saw that the state had been overawed he called a council to consider laying siege to Argos.
The opinion of all the Greek chieftains except Aristaenus was the same, that since there was no other cause for the war than that city, the war should by preference begin there.
Quinctius was by no means of the same opinion, and he listened with unmistakable -approval to the argument of Aristaenus, which was opposed to this generally held view;
and he even asked what, since the war had [p. 483]
been undertaken for the sake of the Argives and1
against the tyrant, was less consistent than to let the enemy alone and attack Argos?
For his part, he would seek the main objective of the war, Sparta and the tyrant. Accordingly he dismissed the council and sent light cohorts out to forage. The ripe grain was harvested and brought into camp; the unripe was trampled down and destroyed, to prevent the enemy from enjoying it later.
Then he moved his camp and crossing Mount Parthenius and passing Tegea he encamped on the third day near Caryae. There, before he entered the enemy's country he waited for the auxiliaries of the allies.
Fifteen hundred Macedonians came from Philip and four hundred Thessalian cavalry. It was no longer auxiliaries, of whom there were plenty, that delayed the Roman commander, but the supplies that the neighbouring states had been ordered to contribute.
Also, great fleets were assembling: Lucius Quinctius had now arrived from Leucas with forty ships, together with eighteen warships of the Rhodians, and King Eumenes was off the Cyclades islands with ten warships, thirty cruisers and with them other vessels of smaller size. Many exiles of the Lacedaemonians, driven out by the misdeeds of the tyrants, also came to the Roman camp in the hope of being restored to their homes.
There were many who had been driven out by one tyrant or another, through the several generations2
which had elapsed since tyrants first got control of Sparta.
The chief of the exiles was Agesipolis, to whom the throne of Lacedaemon belonged by right of birth, who had been exiled
in his childhood by the tyrant Lycurgus after the death of Cleomenes, [p. 485]
who had been the first to hold the tyranny in3