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1 Naevius was tribune in 184 B.C. (XXXIX. lii. 4 below).
2 Livy returns to this question in dealing with the year 183 B.C. (XXXIX. lii.).
3 Seneca, writing to Lucilius from Scipio's villa at Liternum, says . . . ara quam sepulchrum esse tanti viri suspicor (Ep. LXXXVI. 1). Strabo (p. 243) also mentions the tomb, but there seems to be no other reference to the statue of which Livy speaks.
4 B.C. 187
5 No inscriptions to Publius or Lucius Scipio and no identifiable statue of either has been found in the Scipio tomb. The bust which some suppose to be that of Ennius exists in the Vatican Museum.
6 Cicero (Brutus 77) had few specimens of Scipio's style, but he quotes a punning fragment from a speech against Naevius (quid hoc Naevio ignavius: De Or. II. 249). But Livy (sect. 6 below) says that Naevius was not mentioned in the speech itself. There is a slight indication that Livy and Gellius (l.c.) read the same speech, since Livy says that Scipio called his accuser nebulonem, and this word occurs in the direct quotation given by Gellius.
7 This speech is otherwise unknown.
8 The index was a tag fastened to the projecting end of the rod on which the roll was wound, containing the title of the work contained in that roll.
9 Nothing further is known of this commission, although Gellius (VI. (VII.) xix) tells the rest of the story, with greater detail.
10 B.C. 187
11 The presumable situation was this: L. Scipio had been condemned by a tribune to pay a fine; in default of bond he would be imprisoned and could be released only by another tribune; Gracchus finally assumed the responsibility of freeing him after Africanus had committed his assault.
12 Valerius Maximus (IV. i. 6) tells a similar story, but the occasion of the rebuke is unknown. It seems probable that Livy uses perpetuus in the sense of “for a considerable continuous period,” contrasting it with in annum: cf. XXIV. viii. 7.
13 Appian (Iber. 23) reports that this was done despite the protests of Scipio.
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