The consul Gaius Flaminius, having fought several successful battles with the Ligurian Friniates1
on their own soil, received the tribe in surrender and disarmed them.
When they were reproved because they did not surrender the arms in good faith, they abandoned their villages and fled to the Auginus mountain. The consul followed in haste.
But they scattered again, the largest part being unarmed, and fled at full speed through pathless country and over steep cliffs where the enemy could not pursue. So they departed across the Apennines. Those who remained in camp were surrounded and captured. Thence the legions were led across the Apennines.
There the enemy defended themselves for a while by virtue of the height of the mountain which they had occupied, but presently yielded in surrender. At this time the arms were sought out with greater diligence, and all were taken from them. The war was then transferred to the Ligurian Apuani,2
who [p. 223]
had raided the lands of Pisa and Bologna to such3
effect that they could not be cultivated.
Having subdued them too, the consul granted peace to their neighbours.
And, because he had brought it to pass that the province was free from war, that he might not leave his army idle, he built a road from Bologna to Arezzo.4
The other consul, Marcus Aemilius, burned and ravaged the farms and villages of the Ligurians which were in the plains or valleys, the people themselves holding the two mountains Ballista and Suismontium. Then, attacking the men who were on the mountains, he first wore them out with small skirmishes, then forced
them to come down to face his battle-line and defeated them in a regular battle, in the course of which he vowed a temple to Diana.5
Having subdued all the tribes on this side of the Apennines, Aemilius then attacked those beyond the mountains —among whom there were those Ligurian Friniates also whom Gaius Flaminius had not visited —and subdued them all, took away their arms and transferred the population from the hills to the plains.
Leaving the Ligurians pacified, he led his army into Gallic territory, and built a road from Placentia to Ariminum, in order to make a junction with the Via Flaminia. In the final encounter in which he engaged the Ligurians in a pitched battle, he vowed a temple to Juno Regina.
Such were the events of that year among the Ligurians.