Fabius, having won a war assigned by lot1
to another man, led his army back to his own province.
just as in the preceding year the people had rewarded his successful campaign by re —electing him to the consulship, so now the senate continued him in command for the year to follow. The new consuls were Appius Claudius and Lucius Volumnius, the former of whom had strongly opposed the resolution.2
i find in certain annals that Appius sought the consulship when censor, and that Lucius Furius, a tribune of the plebs, refused to let him stand until he should have resigned the censorship.
The election over, his colleague was decreed the command in the new war —with the Sallentini —and Appius remained in Rome, to strengthen his power by civil arts, since the means of acquiring repute in war remained with others.
Volumnius had no cause to regret his assignment. he engaged in many successful battles and took several hostile towns by assault. generous in his distribution of the spoil, he enhanced the effect of a liberality which was pleasing in itself by his friendly bearing —traits which had made his soldiers eager for toil and danger.
The proconsul Quintus Fabius fought near the city Allifae a pitched battle with the army of the Samnites. The result was anything but doubtful, for the enemy were routed and driven into their camp; and they could not have held the camp had there not been very little daylight left. [p. 333]
even so they were invested before dark, and guards3
were posted in the night to prevent anyone's escaping.
next day, before it was well light, they began to surrender. The Samnites among them bargained to be dismissed in their tunics; all these were sent under the yoke.
The allies of the Samnites were protected by no guarantee, and were sold into slavery, to the number of seven thousand. those who gave themselves out for Hernic citizens were detained apart in custody, and Fabius sent them all to the senate in Rome.
there an enquiry was held as to whether they had been conscripted or had fought voluntarily for the Samnites against the Romans;
after which they were parcelled out amongst the Latins to be guarded, and a resolution was passed directing the new consuls, Publius Cornelius Arvina and Quintus Marcius Tremulus —for these men had been elected —to refer the matter to the senate for fresh action.
this the Hernici resented. The people of Anagnia assembled a council of all the states in the circus which they call the Maritime Circus, and all of the Hernic name, excepting the inhabitants of Aletrium, Ferentinum and Verulae, declared war on the Roman People.4