When the day arrived on which he had1
ordered ten leading men from each city2
to be at Amphipolis, and all official despatches which had been filed anywhere and the royal money to be brought in, Paulus with the ten commissioners took his official seat surrounded by the whole crowd of Macedonians.
Although the latter were used to a royal court, yet the ceremonial of a new master was frightening as it met their eyes —the consul's bench, his entrance after the way had been cleared, the herald, and the orderly, all things novel to their eyes and ears, which might have inspired terror in allies, to say nothing of conquered enemies.
After the herald had commanded silence Paulus announced in Latin the decisions of the senate, as well as his own, made by the advice of his council.
This announcement was translated into Greek and repeated by Gnaeus Octavius the praetor —for he too was present.
The terms were: first of all the Macedonians were given their freedom; they were to keep their own cities and lands, to use their own laws, and to elect annual magistrates; they were to pay to the Roman People half the tax which they had paid to their kings.3
Next, Macedonia was to be divided into four regions; one, the first section, would comprise the land between the Strymon and Nessus Rivers;
to this region were to be added across the Nessus to the eastward the villages, forts, and towns which Perseus had held except Aenus, Maronea, and Abdera; on this side of the Strymon, too, toward the west there was included all the country of the Bisaltae, including Heraclea, called Sintice.
The second region was to be the region bounded on the east by the Strymon River, except [p. 349]
for Heraclea Sintice, and the Bisaltae, while the4
western boundary would be the Axius River; this would also include the Paeonians who were settled near the Axius River in an easterly direction.
The third region was established as that bounded on the east by the Axius, and on the west by the Peneüs River;5
to the north Mount Bora forms a barrier; to this region was added that part of Paeonia which stretches along the west bank of the Axius River; Edessa and Beroea fell in the same part. The fourth region was across Mount Bora, part marching with Illyricum, the rest with Epirus.
The capitals of the regions, where their assemblies were to meet, were established: for the first region, Amphipolis, for the second, Thessalonica, for the third, Pella, and for the fourth, Pelagonia.6
In those places Paulus ordered an assembly7
of each region to be appointed, money to be gathered, and magistrates elected.
Paulus then announced that it had been decided that no one should be allowed the right of marriage or of trading in land or buildings outside the bounds of his own region. Furthermore, the mines of gold and silver were not to be worked, but those of iron and copper were permitted.
The tax on those who worked the mines was set at half what they had paid to the king. The use of imported salt was banned.8
When the Dardanians asked for the return of Paeonia, on the ground that it had been theirs and adjoined [p. 351]
their boundaries, Paulus proclaimed that freedom was9
being given to all those who had been subjects of Perseus.
After refusing them Paeonia, he granted them the right to import salt; he ordered the third region to carry salt to Stobi in Paeonia, and he set a price on it. He forbade the Macedonians to cut ship-timbers, or to permit others to do so.
The regions which bordered on barbarians —and this was true of all except the third —were allowed to have armed guards along their frontiers.