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O´LERUS (Ὤλερος, Xenion, ap. Steph. B. sub voce: Eth. Ὠλέριος, Böckh, Inscr. vol. ii. No. 2555; Eustath. ad Il. ii. p. 664), a town of Crete, situated on a hill, with a temple to Athene. In the struggle between Cnossus and Lyctus, the people of Olerus sided with the latter. (Plb. 4.53, where the reading Ὄριοι appears to be a mistake.) In the Descrizione dell' Isola di Candia, A.D. 1538 (ap. Mus. Class. Antiq. vol. ii. p. 271), the site is occupied by a place called Castel Messelerius. (Höck, Kreta, vol. i. pp. 17, 424.)


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