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PHALANNA (Φάλαννα : Eth. Φαλανναῖος), a town of the Perrhaebi in Thessaly, situated on the left bank of the Peneius, SW. of Gonnus. Strabo says (ix. p. 440) that the Homeric Orthe became the acropolis of Phalanna; but in the lists of Pliny (4.9. s. 16) Orthe and Phalanna occur as two distinct towns. Phalanna was said to have derived its name from a daughter of Tyro. (Steph. B. sub voce It was written Phalannus in Ephorus, and was called Hippia by Hecataeus. (Steph. B. sub voce Phalanna is mentioned in the war between the Romans and Perseus, B.C. 171. (Liv. 42.54, 65.) Phalanna probably stood at Karadjóli, where are the remains of an ancient city upon a hill above the village. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iii. p. 379, vol. iv. p. 298,)

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